Back to Current Issues

Finite Element Analysis of Helical Gear Pair for Bending and Contact Stresses

Vishal Singh, ,

Affiliations
Mechanical Engineering Department, MMMUT Gorakhpur (INDIA)
:10.22362/ijcert/2018/v5/i5/v5i501


Abstract
In gear design, excessive tooth contact stresses and bending stresses are one of the prime gear failure factors; therefore, its analysis is critical to shortening the possibility of gear tooth failure. In the present work, the tooth bending stresses and contact stresses in a helical gear pair is calculated using AGMA theory and finite element analysis (FEA). The modelling of the helical gear pair is carried out in CREO and ANSYS is used for FEA. It is observed that the bending stresses and contact stresses, both decreases with an increase in the helix angle if pressure angle remains constant. However, the error in the calculation by AGMA and FEA is higher for the bending stresses than the contact stresses and bending stresses.


Citation
Vishal Singh (2018). Finite Element Analysis of Contact and Bending Stresses in Helical Gear Pair. International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends, 5(5), 600-604. Retrieved from http://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V5I501.pdf


Keywords : Helical gear pair, bending stresses, Contact stresses

References
[1] 	S. S. Rattan, Theory of Machines, 4th ed., New Delhi: McGraw Hill Education (India) Pvt. Ltd., 2015. 
[2] 	V. B. Bhandari, Design of Machine Element, 3, Ed., 2013. 
[3] 	R. G. Budynas and J. K. Nisbett, Shigley Mechanical Engineering Design, McGraw-Hill, 2011.
[4] 	N. Ganeshan and S. Vijayarangan, "A Static Analysis Of Composite Helical Gear Using A Three-Dimensional Finite Element Method," Elsevier Science Ltd., vol. 49, pp. 253-268, 1993. 
[5] 	P. B. Pawar and A. A. Utpat, "Development of Aluminium Based Silicon Carbide Particulate Metal Matrix Composite for Spur Gear," Procedia Materials Science, vol. 6, pp. 1150-1156, 2014. 
[6] 	J. Venkatesh and P. B. G. S. N. Murthy, "Design and Structural Analysis of High Speed Helical Gear Using," International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 01-05, 2014. 
[7] 	S. Jyothirmaia, R. Ramesh, T. Swarnalathac and D. Renuka, "A Finite Element Approach to Bending, Contact and Fatigue Stress Distribution in Helical Gear Systems," International Conference on Materials Processing and Characterisation, p. 907 – 918, 2014. 
[8] 	S.-C. Hwang, J.-H. Lee, D.-H. Lee, S.-H. Han and K.-H. Lee, "Contact stress analysis for a pair of mating gears," Mathematical and Computer Modelling, p. 40–49, 2013. 
[9] 	S. S. Patil, S. Karuppanan, I. Atanasovska and A. A. Wahab, "Contact Stress Analysis of Helical Gear Pairs, Including," International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 2014. 
[10] 	P. R. P. M. M. S.Sai Anusha, "Contact Stress Analysis of Helical Gear by Using AGMA and ANSYS," International Journal of Science Engineering and Advanced Technology, vol. 2, no. 12, pp. 1012-1016, 2014. 
[11] 	M. G. Khosroshahi and A. M. Fattahi, "Three Dimensional Stress Analysis of a Helical Gear Drive with Finite Element Method," MECHANIKA, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 630-638, 2017. 
[12] 	R. Devraj, "Contact Stress Analysis of a Helical Gear," Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. Vols. 766-767,, no. ISSN: 1662-7482, pp. 1070-1075, 2015. 
[13] 	B. Venkatesh, S. V. Prabhakar, S. D. Prasad, V. Kamala and A. Prasad, "Parametric investigation of the combined effect of Gear parameters on Tangential Force and Dynamic Tooth Load of 40 Ni2 Cr1 Mo 28 Steel Helical," International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, no. 2, pp. 687-691, 2014. 
[14] 	A. S. Achar, R. P. Chaitanya and S. Prabhu, "A Comparison of Bending Stress and Contact Stress of a Helical Gear as Calculated by AGMA Standards and FEA," International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 38-43, 2014. 
[15] 	H. H. Htet San, H. H. Win and M. Thein, "Design and Contact Stress Analysi of Helical Gear for Light-Weight Car," International Journal of Mechanical And Production Engineering, vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 7-12, 2017. 
[16] 	J. Hedlund and A. Lethovaara, "Modeling of helical gear contact with tooth deflection," Tribology International 40, p. 613–619, 2007. 
[17] 	I. Atanasovaska, V. N. Stanojlovic, D. Dimitrijevic and D. Momcilovic, "Finite Element Model For Stress Analysis And Nonlinear Contact Analysis Of Helical Gears," Scientific Technical Review, pp. 61-69, 2009. 
[18] 	C. R. Mohana Rao and G. Muthuveerappan, "Finite Element Modelling And Stress Analysis of Helical Gear teeth," Elsevier Science Ltd, vol. Vol 49, pp. 1095-1116, 1993. 
[19] 	F. L. Litvin, A. Fuentes, I. Pere, L. Carvel, K. Kawasaki and R. F. Handschuh, "Modified involute helical gears: computerized design, simulation of meshing and stress analysis," Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Engrg, pp. 3619-3655, 2003. 
[20] 	P. Pawara and A. A. Utpat, "Analysis of Composite Material Spur Gear Under Static Loading Condition," Materials today Proceeding, vol. 2, no. 4-5, p. P.B.PawaraAbhay A.Utpat, 2015. 
[21] 	T. R. Katona, "The effects of load location and misalignment on," American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, pp. 394-402, 1994. 
[22] 	M. Barbieri, A. Zippo and F. Pellicano, "Adaptive Grid-Size Finite Element Modeling of Helical Gear Pairs," Mechanism and Machine Theory, vol. 80, pp. 17-32, 2014. 
[23] 	C. Wanga, M. C. Wua, , F. Xua,, . M.-C. Hsua, and Y. Ba, "Modeling of a Hydraulic Arresting Gear Using Fluid–StructureInteraction and Isogeometric Analysis," International Jurnal Computers and Fluids, 2015. 
[24] 	S. Keshari and S. K. Srivastava, "Design of Helical Gear: A Review of Non-Conventional Optimization Techniques," International Conference on Innovations and Developments in Mechanical Engineering, pp. 18-22, 2017. 
[25] 	K. Mao, "Gear tooth contact analysis and its application," Wear 262, p. 1281–1288, 25 July 2006. 
[26] 	O. Asi, "Fatigue failure of a helical gear in a gearbox," Engineering Failure Analysis, p. 1116–1125, 2006. 
[27] 	A. Flodin and S. Andersson, "A simplified model for wear prediction in helical gears," Elsevier Science, p. 285–292, 2001. 
[28] 	N. Li, W. Li, N. Liu and H. Liu, "Analytical Method on Contact Stress of Helical Gear with Asymmetric Involutes," Advanced Materials Research, vol. 321, pp. 157-160, 2011. 
[29] 	C. B. Tsay and Z. H. Fong, "Tooth Contact Analysis for Helical Gear with Pinion Circular Arc Teeth and Gear Involute Shaped Teeth," Journal of Mechanisms, Transmissions, and Automation in Design, vol. 111, pp. 278-284, 1989. 
[30] 	F. L. Litvin, J. S. Chen and J. Lu, "Load Share and Finite Element Stress Analysis for Double Circular-Arc Helical Gear," Mathl. Comput. Modelling, vol. 21, pp. 13-30,, 1995. 
[31] 	Y. Zhang and Z. Fang, "Analysis of Transmission Errors Under Load of Helical Gears With Modified Tooth Surfaces," JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN, vol. 119, pp. 120-126, 1997. 
[32] 	B. Venkatesh, V. Kamala and A. Prasad, "Design, Modelling and Manufacturing of Helical Gear," INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED ENGINEERING RESEARCH, vol. 1, no. ISSN 0976-4259, pp. 103-114, 2010. 
[33] 	Y.-J. Wu, J.-J. Wang and Q.-K. Han, "Static/dynamic contact FEA and experimental study for tooth profile modification of helical gears," Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, vol. 5, no. 26, p. 1409~1417, 2012. 
[34] 	S. Neptu and P. Srichandr, "Failure of a helical gear in a power plant," Engineering Failure Analysis, pp. 81-90, 2013. 
[35] 	P. P. Jadhav and S. V. Bhasakar, "Design and Analysis of Helical Gear Made of Stainless Steel and Nylon Under Different Loading Condition," IJERT, vol. 5, no. Issue 10, pp. 546-552, 2016. 
[36] 	S. A. Quadri and D. R. Dolas, "Contact Stress Analysis of Involute Spur gear under Static loading," International Journal of Scientific Research Engineering & Technology, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 593-596, 2015. 
[37] 	K. Naresh and C. Chandrudhu, "Design And Analysis Of Helical Gear," International Journal Of Professional Engineering Studies, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 194-203, 2016. 
[38] 	R. Sahu, S. Singh, V. and A. Bhoi, "Parametric Stress Analysis of Spur And Helical Gear Using Fea With Aspect Ratio," International Journal of Mechanical And Production Engineering, Vols. 5,, no. 11, pp. 63-69, 2017. 
[39] 	P. Shivaji and S. B. Zope, "Review on- Design And Analysis of Spur Gear To Overcome Gear Stucking And Scuffing," International Journal of Advance Research and Innovative Ideas in Education, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 298--303, 2015. 
[40] 	T. Yeh, D. C. Yang and S.-H. Tong, "Design of New Tooth Profile for High Load Capacity Gear," Machanism of Machine Theory, pp. 1105-1120, 2001. 
[41] 	D. Liu, T. Ren and X. Jin, "Geometrical Model and Tooth Analysis of Undulating Face Gear," Mechanism and Machine Theory, vol. 56, pp. 140-155, 2015. 


DOI Link : https://doi.org/10.22362/ijcert/2018/v5/i5/v5i501

Download :
  V5I501.pdf


Refbacks : Currently there are no refbacks

Quick Links


DOI:10.22362/ijcert


Science Central

Score: 13.30



Submit your paper to editorijcert@gmail.com

>