1:Research Scholar, Department of Computer Science, Uttarakhand Technical University, Uttarakhand, India; 2: Ph.D Student, Department of education, Shobhit Institute of Engineering & Technology (Deemed-to-be-University), Meerut-250110, India
Background/Objectives: As we all know COVID-19 has badly affected our country's past four months. Under the circumstances of a pandemic, the entire economical and educational system has been messing up across the world. Everything and every field now need continuous efforts to bring them on the same platform.
Methods/Statistical analysis: In this article, we have focused on how E-learning is a bootstrap during this time. We have surveyed some articles and we have found that all the educators and educates are nowadays utilizing various methods of online learning so that their studies can never be halted. As we know today what is happening will have to fade one day and we have learned that we should never lock anything due to this.
Findings: We have found that various technologies, methods, and challenges which educators are facing through E-learning. We found that this exception is a major change in our education system which is beneficial for all educators and educatees.
Mekhala, ShilpiGupta."Bootstrap Education during Lockdown". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) , ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 08,pp.56-59, August - 2020,
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Ms.Bismi Fathima Nasar, Ms.Sajini. T , Ms.Elizabeth Rose Lalson , ,
1: Computer Science and Engineering, ER & DCI Institute of Technology, KTU, Thiruvananthapuram, India , 2: Knowledge Resource Centre, CDAC, Thiruvananthapuram, India; 3 : Computer Science and Engineering, ER & DCI Institute of Technology, KTU, Thiruvananthapuram, India
With the recent advancement in the Deep Learning algorithm, its application has been broadened over various fields ranging from big data analytics to human biometric systems. One such field where it takes up the hand is the implementation of various application like FaceApp, FakeApp etc. that is used in the generation of manipulated media files which is termed as Deepfake. These application has a wider increase in its popularity among common public due to its user friendly features and are used in various domains like Digital Fraud, Cyber Crimes, Politics and in even in Military Activities. So, it is very much important to develop some kind of detection techniques that can take away this kind of forgeries and put up a new step in video and audio forensics. In this paper, we present the various creation and detection techniques that is up now in research in Deepfake using various techniques like Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), Recurrent Neural Network (RNN), Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) etc. and thus provide a backbone in the implementation of a new scheme that would be more compactable and accurate in the detection of Deepfakes. Also we done a comparison study on various techniques under traditional and state of the art approach and brought up a conclusion that most of the techniques under traditional approach are time consuming process, need expertise knowledge over the technology for the user to use them etc. where as in the case of state of the art approach, the techniques require less time for processing and anyone with less knowledge over the technology can use this technologies for the creation and detection of Deepfake.
Recurrent Neural Network, Long Short Term Memory, Convolutional Neural Network, Deepfake
Ms.Bismi Fathima Nasar,Ms.Sajini. T,Ms.Elizabeth Rose Lalson."A Survey on Deepfake Detection Techniques". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) , ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 08,pp.49-55, August- 2020, URL:https://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I808.pdf,
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1* Engineer, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology Nawabshah, 67480, Pakistan. 2 :Professor, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology Nawabshah, 67480, Pakistan. 3 :Lecturer, Department of Information Technology, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Shaheed Benazir Abad, 67480, Pakistan. 4: Assistant Professor, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology Nawabshah, 67480, Pakistan.
This paper presents reviews of the authors for the use of construction and demolished waste of building in concrete as recycled coarse aggregates. It is observed that from many years ago that the peoples of rural areas shifted from villages/small towns to developed city centers. Due to this huge number of migration of peoples creates problems accommodations and their basic needs. For the solution of accommodation and other problems demolish old structures and construction will shift from horizontal to vertical space such as: high rise building. However, demolition of old structures creates many issues and for the solution those issues on and only the better option of reused of Construction & Demolition waste as in green concrete. The views of the several authors and construction industry are the utilization by consuming it in new concrete in various ways. Replacement of fine aggregates, coarse aggregates and even cement has been attempted. Green concrete is produced by replacing natural coarse aggregates in 50% dosage with coarse aggregates obtained from demolished old concrete which was suggested by the several authors. Use of recycled in concrete has not much effect on the basic properties (specific gravity, water absorption, unit weight and density) of Recycled coarse aggregates comparison with natural coarse aggregates. Therefore, the use of this waste in new concrete not only helps in reducing the waste management issues but also help to protect the environment greatly.
Old structures, Green Concrete, Demolishing and Construction Waste, Recycled Coarse Aggregates, Waste management.,
A.H. Buller, B.A. Memon, I.N. Sodhar,M. Oad & A.S. Buller."Reuse Of Construction and Demolished Waste as Aggregates in Concrete: A Review". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) , ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 08,pp.41-48, August - 2020, URL:http://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I807.pdf,
 Oad M, and Memon BA. Compressive Strength of Concrete Cylinders Using Coarse Aggregates from Old Concrete. 1st National Conference Civil Engineering Department Quest Nawabshah. 23-24 April 2014.
 Qasrawi H, Marie I. Towards better understanding of concrete containing recycled concrete aggregate. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering. 2013;2013.
 Memon BA, Oad M, Buller AH, Shar SA, Buller AS. Effect of Mould Size on Compressive Strength of Green Concrete Cubes. Civil Engineering Journal. 2019 May 21;5(5):1181-8.
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 Akbari YV, Arora NK, Vakil MD. Effect on recycled aggregate on concrete properties. International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering. 2011 Oct;4(6):924-8.
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 Oad M, Memon BA, Buller AH, Buller AH. Numerical Modeling Of Deflection And Strain Of Reinforced Green Concrete Beams Under Sustained Loading. Baltica. 2020; 33(3): 2-13.
 Buller AH, Memon BA, Sodhar J, Oad M, Sodhar IN. Effect Of Specimen Size On Strength Of Green Concrete Cylinders. Agrociencia. 2020; 54(1): 96-106.
 Oad M, Buller AH, Memon BA, Memon NA, Tunio ZA, Memon MA. Effect of Water-Cement Ratio on Flexural Strength of RC Beams Made with Partial Replacement of Coarse Aggregates with Coarse Aggregates from Old Concrete. Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research. 2019 Feb 16;9(1):3825-30.
 Oad M, Buller AH, Memon BA, Memon NA, Sohu S. Flexural stress-strain behavior of rc beams made with partial replacement of coarse aggregates with recyclable concrete aggregate: Part-2: Rich mix. Engineering Technology and Applied Science Research. 2018 Oct 1;8(5):3338-43.
 Oad M, Buller AH, Memon BA, Memon NA. Flexural Stress-Strain Behavior of RC Beams Made with Partial Replacement of Coarse Aggregates with Coarse Aggregates from Old Concrete. Engineering,
Technology & Applied Science Research. 2018 Jun 1;8(3):3048-53.
 Soomro FA, Memon BA, Oad M, Buller AH, Tunio ZA. Shrinkage of Concrete Panels Made with Recyclable Concrete Aggregates. Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research. 2019 Apr 10;9(2):4027-9.
1*: Lecturer, Shaheed Benazirabad University, Shaheed Benazirabad (SBBUSBA), Sindh, Pakistan 2 Associate Professor, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Nawabshah, Sindh Pakistan 3 Engineer, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Nawabshah, Sindh, Pakistan. 4 Postgraduate student, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology Nawabshah, Sindh Pakistan
Now-a-days, the whole world faced the pandemic situation due to spreading of the novel- corona virus (COVID-19) rapidly; in this situation Pakistan’s government has imposed the lock-down in all provinces. As the pandemic situation increased throughout the world and the impact of this is also increase repaid. The impact of these pandemic situations is economy of the country, education of the country and increased the Poverty in the country. To reduce the impact of this pandemic situation on education, online education system was introduced. That’s why government take the step towards of online classes of universities students to save the education without wasting time of students. Pakistan government also announce the channel for students to teach the students of 1st to 12th standards students from 8:00 AM to 6:00 PM at home without any difficulty. The main objective of research this is to find out the online tools used in teaching and learning process during lock-down. At the university level teachers in higher education institutes used different tools such as: Google class, Email, WhatsApp group, Facebook group, Zoom, MS Office 360, YouTube channel, Recorded PowerPoint presentation, laptop screen recorder and X-recorder for mobile screen to fulfil the task of online classes and also get the few percent of results from students.
COVID-19, Lockdown, online tools, Students, Teachers, Teaching and learning
I.N. Sodhar,A.H. Jalbani,A.H. Buller,A.N. Sodhar."Tools Used In Online Teaching and Learning through Lock-Down". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) ,ISSN:2349-7084,Vol.7, Issue 08,pp.36-40, August - 2020, URL :https://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I806.pdf,
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1*: Department of Public Administration, University of Barishal, Barishal 8200, Bangladesh; 2: Department of Sociology, University of Barishal, Barishal 8200, Bangladesh
Objectives: E-learning has become the mandatory component of all educational institutions like schools, colleges, and universities in and around the world due to the pandemic crisis of COVID-19. Students are not busy now. They are spending time online. This study examines the non-academic online activities of public university students in Bangladesh.
Methods: The study is qualitative-explorative. Data has been collected through a semi-structured questionnaire. That was qualitatively thematic analysed through manual coding to achieve the research objectives. The sample was taken from 20 Students of 10 public universities in Bangladesh for a case study by purposive sampling technique from July 5 to July 15, 2020.
Findings and Conclusion: The findings of the study shows, that students are engaged in online activities, both productive and non-productive. Especially focus on non-academic online activities. We found that leisure time activities, Soft skills development, spending time online and exceptional thinking from the academic area of students. However, they are facing different problems. Finally, some solutions are provided in this paper.
Md. Obaidullah ,Abdullah Al Zubayer."Non-academic online activities among Bangladeshi University students: Case Study". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) ,ISSN:2349-7084 ,Vol.7, Issue 08,pp.29-35, September - 2020, URL :https://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I805.pdf,
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1*:Department of LAW, Chittagong Independent University, Chittagong, Bangladesh 2: Department of English Literature and Language, Brindaban Government College, Habiganj, Bangladesh 3: Department of Sociology, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh 4: Department of Computer Science, Chandigarh University, Punjab, India
Child marriage is the pervasive smeared crux in our Asia continent. It sways all-encompassing concavity on gender-oriented prejudice, emerging rate of the population as well. The objective of our paper defines settling up the age with deficient latitude accordant the propounded strait, fabricating a cryptosystem into society, embellishing the temporal and spatial equation to amplify a society. The collection of random or unstructured data replicates the method of cryptosystem and genetic algorithm through the deviation of true and standard value related to the concentration of the determined attributes of the analyte. Exertion and correlation of doctors with related schools corroborate the cultivation of physical and elementary mental health, ascertainment of sanitation. Indemnifying society consolidation regarding education cognition fastens partaking of Education Officers and Volunteers. Consciencement of parents’ employment endorses with the Representatives of NGOs’. Implementation of a female child ratifies with the aid of Banks and Financial Institutions. Social awareness fleeces with the concurrence of religious confessors and the honorable figures of the entertainment sphere. Birth registration, existing child's data, and rationing are verified respectively under the aegis of the root leveled officials and public representatives. Our proposed methodology comprehensively facilitates both the prerogative and underprivileged female children, along with their parents. Adolescents’ as well as females engaging in the skill development arena, certify their elevation of social status. The novelty of the paper is that it’s going to concrete the span of social science and big data.
Ms.Tarun Danti Dey,Ms. Tanny Das,Mr.S.M. Shahen Alam,Mr. Sritha Zith Dey Babu."Vigorous Recognition of Child Marriage Prophylaxis Through Cryptography: Impeccable Solutions Within Concatenated Management ". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) , ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 08,pp.20-28, August- 2020, URL:https://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I804.pdf,
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 Babu SZ, Pandey D, Narayan V, Al Zubayer A, Sheik I. Abridgement of Business Data Drilling with the Natural Selection and Recasting Breakthrough: Drill Data With GA.
Nursing Lecturer, Dept. Of Nursing, B.J.Govt Medical, Pune,Maharastra, India.
Intensive care unit is an area which creates fear and worries in client and relatives while nurses working in this area undergo stress to overcome, this there is a need for the nurse to understand the importance of communication in an Intensive care Unit . Communication skills are relatively poorly developed among critical care nurses compared to nurses in wards.1
Objective- It was to enhance communication between the nurse and client by assessing the effectiveness of Standard Operating Protocol on practices of nurses regarding communication with the clients and relatives in intensive care unit at selected hospitals in the state of Maharashtra as there were no protocols existing in the intensive care unit for nurses.
Method and Statistical analysis- A descriptive evaluative approach, Pre experimental time series one group pretest post-test design was used. Total of 220 nurses selected by purposive sampling technique. Tools were Standard Operating Protocols. Teaching Module, An observation checklists with socio-demographic data. Observation technique was used to observe the practices. Data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The result of the study showed. There was a significant association of educational qualification with post-test-1 observational practices as p = < 0.0001. There was no association with observed practice score and socio-demographic data during pretest and posttest- 2. In Communication with client Area of nonverbal communication improved from 41% to 91%. Reassurance and comfort also increased from 41% to 84%. Communication with client’s relatives enhanced from 43% to 93% in the majority as an aspect of the checklist.
Dr. Sangeetha Sunil Bhujbal ."The Study of Development of Standard Operating Protocols for Nurses With Reference To Communication with Client and Relatives in the Intensive care Unit (ICU)". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) , ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 08,pp.11-19, August - 2020, URL:http://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I803.pdf,
1. Park Y, Oh EG. Factors related to intensive care unit nurses’ patient centered communication competency. J Korean Crit Care Nurs. 2018; 11:51–62.
2. Mary Beth Happ, Kathryn Garrett, Dana DiVirgilio Thomas, Judith Tate, Elisabeth George, MartinHouze, Jill Radtke, Susan Sereika, Nurse-Patient Communication Interactions in the intensive Care Unit, American Journal of Critical Care March 2011 vol. 20 no. 2 e28-e40.
3. Enrique Rivero, Communication Board Can Ease Frustration Intubated Patients Feel When Trying to Convey Their Needs, American Journal of Critical Care UCLA November 28, 2006.
4. GrazinaWojnicki-Johansson , Communication between nurse and patient during ventilator treatment: patient reports and Registered Nurse Response. Intensive Critical Care Nursing Journal. 2000 Jun; 12(3):167-80.
5. Judith E Hupcey. The psychological needs of the ICU patients, Journal of Nursing Scholarship 2000; vol 32(4) 361-367. 2007
6. Cazorla C, Cravoisy A, Gibot S, Nace L, Levy B, Bollaert PE. Patients' perception of their experience in the intensive care unit. . 2007 Feb; 36(2):211-6. Epub 2006 Dec 20.
7. Polit F Denise, Beck Tatanocherly. Nursing Research: Generating and Assessing Evidence for Nursing Practice.8th ed. New Delhi: Wolters Kluwer Pvt. Ltd, 2008.
8. Burns Nancy, Grove Susan. Understanding Nursing Research: Building an Evidence Based Practice.4th ed. Noida: Elsevier India Private Limited, 2007.
9. Wanga S.K.L. and Leweshow S. “Sample size determination in health studies”, Publication World Health Organization Geneva 1991 pg -125-27.
10. Suresh K Sharma: Nursing Research & Statistics. Reed Elsevier India Private Ltd.2011B.T
11. Black. J. M and Matassarin, J. Medical Surgical Nursing Psychophysiological Approach, Philadelphia: W.B.Saunders and Company. 1993.
12. Richard J. Wall, Robert’s, Ditter& E Waley Ely. Protocol driven care in the intensive care unit: a tool for quality. http:/ccforum.com/content 5/6/283.
Computer Science and Engineering, S.A. Engineering College, Anna University, Chennai, India
Background/Objectives: The main objective of the project is to avoid various security threats and network attacks by detecting malicious Uniform Resource Locator(URL) based on the keyword text classification.
Methods/Statistical analysis: A semi-supervised technique, naive Bayes classification is proposed to locate malicious URL by text classification phenomena. The probabilities of the predicted and the exact values are calculated, and it results with high probability. With more accuracy, the malignant URL is predicted. A page rank algorithm is used to detect the blacklist which contains the URLs that are already noted as spam, malware or phishing URL.
Findings: With the persistent improvement of Web assaults, many web applications have been languishing from different types of security dangers and system assaults. The security identification of URLs has consistently been the focal point of Web security. One of the main sources of attacks is via malicious URLs; the attackers may send embedding executable codes or injects malicious codes through these URLs. Thus, it is important to improve the unwavering quality and security of web applications by precisely identifying malignant URLs. The utilization of profound figuring out how to group URLs to recognize Web guests' aims has significant hypothetical and scientific values for Web security investigate, giving new plans to canny security discovery.
Link analysis, malignant code, malignant URL datasets, naive Bayes classification.
Monisha.T,Sridevi.R,Tirumalini.K.R."Detection of Malicious URLs using Artificial Intelligence". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) ,ISSN:2349-7084 ,Vol.7, Issue 08,pp.6-10, August - 2020, URL :https://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I802.pdf,
 Surendra Sedhai; AixinSun" Semi-Supervised Spam Detection in Twitter Stream" IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems (Volume: 5, Issue: 1, March 2018)
 Bo Feng; Qiang Fu; Mianxiong Dong; Dong Guo; Qiang Li "Multistage and Elastic Spam Detection in Mobile Social Networks through Deep Learning"IEEE Network ( Volume: 32 , Issue: 4 , July/August 2018 )
 Jonghyuk Song; Sangho Lee; Jong Kim " Inference Attack on Browsing History of Twitter Users Using Public Click Analytics and Twitter Metadata" IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing (Volume: 13, Issue: 3, May-June 1 2016)
 Longfei Wu; Xiaojiang Du; JieWu" Effective Defense Schemes for Phishing Attacks on Mobile Computing Platforms" IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology (Volume: 65, Issue: 8, Aug. 2016)
 Eric Lancaster ; TanmoyChakraborty ; V. S. Subrahmanian"MALTP : Parallel Prediction of Malicious Tweets"IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems( Volume: 5 , Issue: 4 , Dec. 2018 )
 Hong Zhao; Zhaobin Chang; Weijie Wang; XiangyanZeng" Malicious Domain Names Detection Algorithm Based on Lexical Analysis and Feature Quantification" IEEE Access (Volume: 7)
 Xuanzhe Liu ; Yun Ma ; Xinyang Wang ; Yunxin Liu ; Tao Xie ; Gang Huang"SWAROVsky: Optimizing Resource Loading for Mobile Web Browsing"IEEETransactions on Mobile Computing( Volume: 16 , Issue: 10 , Oct. 1 2017 )
 DohoonKim" Potential Risk Analysis Method for Malware Distribution Networks" IEEE Access (Volume: 7)
 JoostBerkhout"Google's PageRank algorithm for ranking nodes in general networks"IEEE 2016 13th International Workshop on Discrete Event Systems (WODES)
 Zhou Hao; PuQiumei; Zhang Hong; ShaZhihao"An Improved PageRank Algorithm Based on Web Content" IEEE 2015 14th International Symposium on Distributed Computing and Applications for Business Engineering and Science (DCABES)
 Yuguang Huang ; Lei Li"Naive Bayes classification algorithm based on small sample set" IEEE 2011 IEEE International Conference on Cloud Computing and Intelligence Systems
 HaiyiZhang; Di Li"Naďve Bayes Text Classifier" IEEE 2007 IEEE International Conference on Granular Computing (GRC 2007)
 Mohammed Al-Janabi: Ed de Quincey: Peter Andras: “Using supervised machine learning algorithms to detect suspicious URLs in online social networks” 2017 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining.
 Justin Ma: Lawrence K. Saul: Stefan Savage: Geoffrey M. Voelker:“Identifying Suspicious URLs: An Application of Large-Scale Online Learning” 26th International Conference on Machine Learning, Montreal, Canada, 2009.
 Training Datasets:
1:PG Scholar, SDM College of Engineering and Technology, Dharwad, Karnataka, India. 2:Associate Professor SDM College of Engineering and Technology, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
Searching for relevant information becomes very difficult and sometimes we don’t find the exact information what we are actually seeking, so it results in time-consuming and repeating the same web page without knowingly. A system which will know our needs, requirements, preferences and patterns. This will retrieve the correct information and helps in fast processing. In this work, it is proposed that the personalized search engine for information retrieval system using the client-server module for user preferred information through intelligent search and storing the searched result in a database for further accessing of information is implemented. For information retrieval, a framework known as scrappy is used for retrieving all the user needed information by specifying the URL of that data. The fetched information is stored in the database. It helps in offline browsing, full-text search in the database and fast response and no repeating of web pages.
web scraping, crawling, user agent, scrapy framework and web spider.
Prateeksha Nashipudi, Dr. S. B. Kulkarni."Developing Framework of Web Scraper for Agriculture Data using Client-Server Module". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT), ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 08, August - 2020,
 Alvarado, Antonio Cuahtlapantzi, Eduardo Vázquez Santacruz, and Mariano Gamboa Zúńiga. "Construction of a basic intelligent agent." Intelligent Systems Conference
(IntelliSys). IEEE, 2017.
 Pacheco-Reyes, Juan J., et al. "Multi-agent Architecture for User Adaptive Information Retrieval Systems." New Trends in Networking, Computing, Elearning,
Systems Sciences, and Engineering. Springer, Cham, 2015.
 Shankhdhar, Gaurav Kant, and Manuj Darbari. "Building custom, adaptive and heterogeneous multi-agent systems for semantic information retrieval using organizational-multi-agent systems engineering, O-MaSE." 2016 2nd International
Conference on Advances in Computing, Communication, & Automation (ICACCA).
 Singh, Aarti, and Anu Sharma. "A framework for semantics and agent based personalized information retrieval in agriculture." 2nd International Conference on Computing for Sustainable Global Development (INDIACom). IEEE, 2015.
 Nunes, Ingrid, et al. "Dynamically Adapting BDI Agent Architectures based on High level User Specifications." Computer Science Department, King’s College London(2010).  Luo, Junwei, and Xiao Xue. "Research on information retrieval system based on Semantic Web and multi-agent." International Conference on Intelligent Computing and Cognitive Informatics. IEEE, 2010.
 Czibula, Gabriela, et al. "IPA-An intelligent personal assistant agent for task performance support." 5th International Conference on Intelligent Computer Communication and Processing. IEEE, 2009.
 Liu, Lizhen, Shujing Wang, and Hantao Song. "Intelligent agents for cooperative designs in individual information retrieval." 8th International Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design. Vol. 2. IEEE, 2004.
 Xu, Yuanzhong. "A model based on a three-layer agent of personalized information retrieval systems." International Conference on Image Analysis and Signal Processing. IEEE, 2011.
 THANGARAJ, MM. "Agent-Based Personalized Semantic Web Information Retrieval System." International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications 5.8 (2014)
1*Dept. of Computer Engineering, Islamic Azad University of Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (rah) Shahr-e-Rey, Tehran, Iran
IC overproduction and design theft have been a concern in recent decades for the revenue loss of digital design companies. Logic encryption is a well-known approach to address this problem by locking the functionality of digital designs. In logic encryption techniques, key-gates are added to the design whose functionality is to lock (or obfuscate) the operation of the circuit. Correct functionality is achieved by applying a correct key, which is only known to the IC designer, to these key-gates. The key-gates, however, may incur a considerable overhead to the area and performance of the design. In this paper, a new technique based on simple inverter cells is proposed, which can provide the required locking functionality with low overhead. The results on a set of ISCAS’89 benchmarks reveal that the proposed approach incurs about 2% to 19% area overhead, which is less than any other technique, as well as low power overhead.
Mr. Ghobad Zarrinchian."Inverter-based MUX: A Low Overhead Approach for Logic Encryption". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) ,ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 07,pp.30-35, July- 2020, URL:http://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I706.pdf,
 U. Guin, D. DiMase, M. Tehranipoor, “Counterfeit Integrated Circuits: Detection, Avoidance, and the Challenges Ahead,” Journal of Electronic Testing, Vol. 30, Issue 1, pp. 9-23, 2014.
 S. Bhunia, M.S. Hsiao, M. Banga, S. Narasimhan, “Hardware Trojan Attacks: Threat Analysis and Countermeasures,” In Proc. IEEE, Vol. 102, Issue 8, 2014.
 Y. Alkabani, F. Koushanfar, M. Potkonjak, “Remote Activation of ICs for Piracy Prevention and Digital Right Management,” In Proc. ICCAD, pp. 674-677, 2007.
 F. Koushanfar, “Provably Secure Active IC Metering Techniques for Piracy Avoidance and Digital Rights Management,” IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, Vol. 7. Issue 1, pp. 51-63, 2012.
 J.A. Roy, F. Koushanfar, I.L. Markov, “EPIC: Ending Piracy of Integrated Circuits,” In Proc. DATE, pp. 1069-1074, 2008.
 J. Rajendran, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, G.S. Rose, Y. Pino, O. Sinanoglu, R. Karri, “Fault Analysis-based Logic Encryption,” IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol. 64, Issue 2, pp. 410-424, 2013.
 J.A. Roy, F. Koushanfar, I.L. Markov, “Protecting Bus-based Hardware IP by Secret Sharing,” In Proc. DAC, pp. 846-851, 2008.
 S. Zamanzadeh, A. Jahanian, “Automatic Netlist Scrambling Methodology in ASIC Design Flow to Hinder the Reverse Engineering,” In Proc. VLSI-SoC, pp. 52-53, 2013.
 J. Zhang, “A Practical Logic Obfuscation Technique for Hardware Security,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI, Vol. 24, Issue 3, pp. 1193-1197, 2016.
 A. Baumgarten, A. Tyagi, J. Zambreno, “Preventing IC Piracy Using Reconfigurable Logic Barriers,” IEEE Design & Test of Computers, Vol. 27, Issue 1, pp. 66-75, 2010.
 K. Juretues, I. Savidis, “Reduced Overhead Gate Level Logic Encryption,” In Proc. GLSVLSI, 2016.
 A. Morgenshtein, A. Fish, I.A. Wagner, “Gate-Diffusion Input (GDI): A Power-Efficient Method for Digital Combinatorial Circuits,” IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, Vol. 10, No. 5, 2002.
 Predictive Technology Model (PTM), Available online at: http://ptm.asu.edu.
Guruprasad C Kulkarni, Pooja K P, Raghuveer H G, Puneeth G P, N Charan
1,2Research Associate, Team STUDSAT, Dept. of ECE, NMIT, Bangalore, Karnataka, India. : 3, 4, 5: Student, Team STUDSAT, Dept. of CSE, NMIT, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
Automatic Identification System is designed to prevent water automobiles like ships and corvettes from colliding, by allowing them to know the exact location of ships at sea which has a danger of Collision over the track of vessel. AIS is the discrete method used by all Sailors for exchanging their co-ordinates using SOTDMA for collision avoidance over the track. This paper discusses AIS message transmission and Reception and how it can be used for realizing traffic control in Maritime. In this paper, we show how GMSK Modulation and NRZI encoding techniques can be used for transmission of a signal from AIS Transmitter in Satellite to the receiver in the ground station. The ground station thus will have an extensive database of such received AIS Messages which are decoded at ground station end system level.
Guruprasad C Kulkarni, Pooja K P, Raghuveer HG, Puneeth G P,N Charan."Satellite-Based AIS for Improved Navigation and Maritime Safety - STUDSAT-2". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) , ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 07,pp.22-29, July - 2020, URL :https://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I705.pdf,
 "Understanding the JD Edwards EnterpriseOne Application Interface Services (AIS) Server "https://docs.oracle.com/cd/E53430_01/EOIIS /aisguide_intro.htm#EOIIS134
 "BSSV or AIS: How to Choose the Right One for Your Business" https://www.suretysystems.com/insights/jd-edwards-bssv-or-ais-server/
 Chandra Dayan - Academia.eduwww.academia.edu › satelite_AIS, " https://www.academia.edu/9209557/satelite_AIS"
 Frontier Computing: Theory, Technologies and Applications FC,
 Design and development of 3-axis reaction wheel for ieeexplore.ieee.org›document, " https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7119181"
 Data Encoding Techniques - "https://www.tutorialspoint.com/digital_ communication/digital_communication_data_encoding_techniques. htm"
 Digital Communication Data Encoding Techniques - " https://www.scribd.com/document/394988564/Digital-Communication-Data-Encoding-Techniques"
 Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying - " https://www.electronics-notes.com/articles/radio/modulation/what-is-gmsk-gaussian-minimum-shift-keying.php
1,2,3,4 &5Computer Science and Engineering, JISCE, Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal, India, 741235
When we talk one to one that is called human language that is called plain text or normal text. When we talk in normal text or plain text, then all human can understand this text or language easily. That is why we create a cryptography security system to convert this plain text to cipher text. In this security system, we use both number and English alphabet for encryption and decryption the text to hide the plain text. In this security system encryption is mainly depend upon the key generation. The main goal of this security system is to convert simple message or text to non-readable text to secure the messages from hackers; this is called decryption. In this project, at first we find the ASCII value and binary value of the number and alphabet then after all calculation of this value we find the encrypted value and using this value we find decrypted value. In this project, we use RSA and DES and Cryptography for doing encryption and decryption. Moreover, use the ASCII number. In improvement, we complete the whole key generation and encryption and decryption process, which will take linear time.
Both Symmetric and Asymmetric key, Prime Number, English Alphabet, Cryptography.
Ira Nath, Avijit Baidya, Sajal Kumar Biswas, Snehartha Dam, Kabita Singha."NISSC: A New Information Security System Using Cryptography". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) ,ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 07,pp.17-21, July - 2020, URL:https://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I704.pdf,
 Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert; Jones, Henry Stuart; McKenzie, Roderick (1984). A Greek-English Lexicon.Oxford University Press.
 David Naccache, “Cryptography and Security: From Theory to Applications”, Springer, 2012.
 H.B. Pethe, Dr S. R. Pande, “An overview of Cryptographic Hash Function M-5 and SHA”, IOSR-JCE, 2016.
 Ius Mentis: Law and technology explained, "The MD5 cryptographic hash function", October 1, 2005.
 Alok Kumar Kasgar, Mukesh Kumar Dhariwal, NeerajnTantubay, HinaMalviya, “A Review Paper of Message Digest 5 (MD5)”, IJMEMR, Volume1, Issue 4, December 2013, ISSN: 2320- 9984 (Online).
 EvgenyMilanov, “The RSA Algorithm”, June, 2009.
 AviKak, “Public-Key Cryptography and the RSA Algorithm”, Lecture Notes on “Computer and Network Security”, February 16, 2017.
 William Stallings, “Cryptography and Network Security: Principles and Practices”, Publisher: Prentice Hall, November 16, 2005, Pages-592.
 Nath, Ira. "NHSKCA: A New Heuristic for Symmetric Key Cryptographic Algorithm." Ira Nath, Deepashree Bhattacharyya AgnisuddhaMandal, NandiniKundu and Oindrila De (2017). NHSKCA: A NEW HEURISTIC FOR SYMMETRIC KEY CRYPTOGRAPHIC ALGORITHM. International Journal of Computer Engineering in Research Trends 4, no. 12 (2017): 547-553.
Sritha Zith Dey Babu, Digvijay Pandey, Vipul Narayan, Abdullah Al Zubayer, Ismail Sheik
1*Computer Science and Engineering, Chittagong Independent University, Chittagong, Bangladesh; 2 :Department of Technical Education, Kanpur, India 3: M .M.M University of Technology, Gorakhpur, India ; 4:Department of Sociology, University of Barishal, Bangladesh 5: Management College of Southern Africa, Durban, South Africa
We know about data visualization in business sectors where the graph of a company is now crying for the looker. But, companies are compromising very much with this option and looker don't have any clue to see the per day graph of a company. If one can improvise this option, the looker can get great satisfaction while buying a particular product from the company. This feature can also give a fair marketing policy to the buyers with the sight of any product's proper fitness. Many companies are now using the commence streaming of data by which customers are now getting advantages and sellers. But, for daily purposes, we need to execute drill through the process with an evolutionary algorithm. For pursuing the green era for the marketing field, we need to put the omnipotent values for data analysis. The procedure will make the look towards the HAR method, which one already been executed in business research. Here, we recast the technique with different shadows. This paper shows the golden doors of the green, economic arena where their lookers can get direct access to the database. We aim to show the suasory of the bridge between computer science and business. Now, it's clear to understand that this paper will show the pathway of "Profit and increase exponentially."The objectives of this paper are to create a sustainable strategy in the field of business where we can quickly improve the data analysation part of any business sector. This paper always directs the simple home science pathway for improving business analysation which can help the entrepreneurs of starting any business such as e-commerce with less fund.
Natural-selection, Power BI, Stabilizer, Commence-stream, Marketing-eco
Sritha Zith Dey Babu,Digvijay Pandey,Vipul Narayan,Abdullah Al Zubayer,Ismail Sheik."Abridgement of Business Data Drilling with the Natural Selection and Recasting Breakthrough:Drill Data With GA". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) ,ISSN:2349-7084 ,Vol.7, Issue 07,pp.13-16, July- 2020, URL :https://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I703.pdf,
 Earnshaw R. Data Science. InData Science and Visual Computing 2019 (pp. 1-10). Springer, Cham.
 Gowrishankar S, Veena A, Gowrishankar S, Veena A, Gowrishankar S, Veena A. Introduction to Data Science. Introduction to Python Programming 2019 (pp. xiii-xiv). CRC Press.
 Blei DM, Smyth P. Science and data science. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2017 Aug 15;114(33):8689-92.
 Wu X, Zhu X. Member, S.(2014). Data mining with big data. IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering.;26(1):97-107.
 Skiena SS. The data science design manual. Springer; 2017 Jul 1.
 Kruschke JK. Bayesian data analysis. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science. 2010 Sep;1(5):658-76.
 Donoho D. 50 years of data science. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics. 2017 Oct 2;26(4):745-66.
 Petersen AM, Pan RK, Pammolli F, Fortunato S. Methods to account for citation inflation in research evaluation. Research Policy. 2019 Sep 1;48(7):1855-65.
B Honnaraju, H Hemanth Bharath Bhushan, L Hemanth Raj, T C Kishore, V Likhith
Department of CSE, Maharaja Institute of Technology Mysore, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belagavi, India
In today's world, the trolleys are used in most places like a shopping mall, hospitals, colleges, etc., and everything is manually operated using their physical strength. This paper proposes an automated human following trolley using the image and video processing. The HSV value of the image taken from the camera will be calculated. If it matches the valid sticker's value, then the trolley will follow that person who has a specific sticker by maintaining a constant distance from that person. The distance estimation technique is used to calculate the distance between the user and the trolley. Background subtraction algorithm is used for recognition and detection purposes. The basic model of the following human trolley was designed, and it was tested under various lighting conditions and verified the correctness of background subtraction by keeping invalid stickers. The designed model was confined with a boundary like hospitals and shopping malls. The same approach with some improvements could be used in other fields like schools and colleges, libraries, agricultural fields, war fields, etc.
Video processing, HSV, background subtraction, distance estimation.
B Honnaraju, H Hemanth Bharath Bhushan, L Hemanth Raj, T C Kishore, V Likhith."Automated Human Following Trolley Using Image and Video Processing". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT), ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 07,pp.6-12, July - 2020, URL:https://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I702.pdf,
. S N Joshi, V K patki, P S deekshith, H K baldhaar, “Design and Development of Human Following Trolley” International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology (IJISRT), Vol. 4, Issue. 4, PP 222-225, 2019.
 D Iravan, Misbha, J R Baihaqi, “Design of Human Followers Trolley Robot Based on Object Tracking (Colour Detection) Method”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Advanced Technology (IJERAT), Vol. 5, Issue. 3, PP 15-23, 2019.
 S Lokesh, J Antony, G Vijayalakshmi, “Trolley Followers for Hypermarkets”, International Journal of Advance Research and Innovative Ideas in Education (IJARIIE), Vol. 4, Issue. 2, PP 564-569, 2018.
 M Banusundareshwari, R Santosh Vishnu, G Goushik, S Prakash, S Arvinth, “Automation of Shopping Cart Using Raspberry pi”, Student Journal of Electrical and Electronics Enigineering (Student JEEE), Vol. 4, Issue. 1, PP 25-28, 2018.
 L S Y Dehigaspege, M K C Liyanage, N A M Liyanage, M I Marzook, D dhammearatchi, “Follow Me Multifunctional Automated Trolley”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology (IJERT), Vol. 6, Issue. 7, 2017.
 N G YenLeng, ChengSiongLim, K A Danapalasingam, M L PengTan, C WeiTan, “Automatic Human Guided Shoppinf Trolley with Smart Shopping System”, Journal Technology (Science and Engineering), Vol. 73, Issue. 3, PP 49-56, 2015.
 S Patil, A Mahale, A Landge, A Mahajan, “Smart Trolley”, International journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering (IJARCCE), Vol. 5, Issue. 3, PP 1011-1015, 2016.
 B Ilias, R Nagarajan, M Murgappan, K Helmy, A S Awang Omar, M A Abdul Rahman, “Hospital Nurse Following Robot”, International Journal of Medical Engineering and Informatics (IJMEI), Vol. 6, Issue. 1, PP 1-13, 2014.
 M Kumar, J Singh, Anju, S Varun, “Smart Trolley with Instant Billing to Queues at Shopping Malls using ARM 7 LPC 2148”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering (IJARCCE), Vol. 4, Issue. 8, PP 39-42, 2015.
 C Akshay, B Ashwini, B Pradnia, J Uddhav, “Follwer Robotic Cart using Ultra-Sonic Sensor”, International Journal of Engineering Science and Computing (IJESC), Vol. 7, Issue. 3, PP 5794-5797, 2017.
 K Akhila, P Sampath Kumar "Smart Phone Based Robotic ARM Control using Raspberry Pi and wi-fi", International Journal of Advanced Technology and Innovative Research (IJATIR), Vol. 8, Issue. 10, PP 1930-1932, 2016.
1*Computer science and engineering, Chittagong Independent University, Chittagong, Bangladesh ,2 :Department of Technical Education, I.E.T., Lucknow, India 3 : M.M.M University of Technology, Gorakhpur, India
Brain cancer has rapidly occurred in many medical arenas. The tumour pandemic dangerously infects the health and well-being of the natural population. In this proposed pathway, Fuzzification with the Picture enhancement approach has acted. The clicked Picture contains noises of brain cancer that cannot directly proceed for diagnosis. The clicked Picture includes a sound of dizzy and blurred Pictures. However, the objective of this paper to overcome this problem and to get a high-level picture from aggregated panoramic with image processing methodology. For extracting Pictures, the division has acted to split up the clicked values to samples. Fuzzification targets the infected areas of brain cells for better classification. But, before dividing, extraction has to performed to remove out the noises of Picture. It has performed with train data set and a highly accurate Picture. It has performed using a neighbour equality algorithm classifier. This methodology helps clinical doctors to get the best prediction. The motive of this system is to put improvisation of the effectivity of the classifier and also the efficiency. According to this method can reduce the (N.R.) negative right rate. The findings of the paper are that now clinical doctors can get some help about detection, and also we have improved the image processing system with straightforward methodology.
Sritha Zith Dey Babu,Digvijay Pandey,Vipul Narayan."Computer succoured prognosis of Brain knob spotting and histogram enhancement using Fuzzification ". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) ,ISSN:2349-7084 ,Vol.7, Issue 07,pp.1-5, July - 2020, URL :http://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I701.pdf,
 Kut C, Chaichana KL, Xi J, Raza SM, Ye X, McVeigh ER, Rodriguez FJ, Quińones-Hinojosa A, Li X. Detection of human brain cancer infiltration ex vivo and in vivo using quantitative optical coherence tomography. Science translational medicine. 2015 Jun 17;7(292):292ra100-.
 Jermyn M, Mok K, Mercier J, Desroches J, Pichette J, Saint-Arnaud K, Bernstein L, Guiot MC, Petrecca K, Leblond F. Intraoperative brain cancer detection with Raman spectroscopy in humans. Science translational medicine. 2015 Feb 11;7(274):274ra19-.
 Yuan W, Kut C, Liang W, Li X. Robust and fast characterization of OCT-based optical attenuation using a novel frequency-domain algorithm for brain cancer detection. Scientific reports. 2017 Mar 22;7:44909.
 Jermyn M, Desroches J, Mercier J, Tremblay MA, St-Arnaud K, Guiot MC, Petrecca K, Leblond F. Neural networks improve brain cancer detection with Raman spectroscopy in the presence of operating room light artifacts. Journal of biomedical optics. 2016 Sep;21(9):094002.
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1*Student, Dept. Of CSE, Shri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Engineering, Dharwad, India. 2: Associate Professor, Dept. Of CSE, Shri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Engineering, Dharwad, India.
Background: Guaranteeing food profitability is a significant issue for creating nations like India, where more than 33% of the individuals is live in neediness. To estimate cost, there is no system in place to advise farmers what crops to grow. Hence, this paper explains the attempt to predict crop price that a farmer can obtain from his land by analyzing patterns in past data.
Methods/Statistical analysis: This method makes use of several data such as rainfall, temperature, market prices, and past yield of a crop. The supervised machine learning algorithm, namely, the Decision tree algorithm and analyse the data and predict for the new set of data, is implemented. It also predicts the price and the gain for the next twelve months over the past twelve months and gives the time series analysis of the same.
Findings: The proposed model is developed to help farmers make better decisions concerning which crop is most suitable during his desired time of sowing and the location. This System predicts the yield and price of the crop of choice, giving the farmer useful information well before starting the process of cultivation.
Improvements: The System can introduce and make available climate-aware cognitive farming techniques and identifying systems of crop monitoring, early warning on pest/disease outbreak based on advanced AI innovation.
Crop-yield, Supervised Machine learning in Agriculture, Decision tree, Forecasting, Analysis.
Chaitra Kotnikall, Jayateerth Vadavi."Dynamic Crop-yield and Price Forecasting using Machine Learning ". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) , ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 06,pp.46-51, June - 2020, URL:http://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I607.pdf,
 S. Kulkarni, S. N. Mandal, G. S. Sharma, M. R. Mundada and Meeradevi, "Predictive Analysis to Improve Crop Yield Using a Neural Network Model," 2018 International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communications and Informatics (ICACCI), Bangalore, 2018, pp. 74-79.
 S. V. Bhosale, R. A. Thombare, P. G. Dhemey and A. N. Chaudhari, "Crop Yield Prediction Using Data Analytics and Hybrid Approach," 2018 Fourth International Conference on Computing Communication Control and Automation (ICCUBEA), Pune, India, 2018, pp. 1-5.
 T. Siddique, D. Barua, Z. Ferdous and A. Chakrabarty, "Automated farming prediction," 2017 Intelligent Systems Conference (IntelliSys), London, 2017, pp. 757-763.
 S. Bhanumathi, M. Vineeth and N. Rohit, "Crop Yield Prediction and Efficient use of Fertilizers," 2019 International Conference on Communication and Signal Processing (ICCSP), Chennai, India, 2019, pp. 0769-0773.
 P. Bose, N. K. Kasabov, L. Bruzzone and R. N. Hartono, "Spiking Neural Networks for Crop Yield Estimation Based on Spatiotemporal Analysis of Image Time Series," in IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 54, no. 11, pp. 6563-6573, Nov. 2016.
 N. Hemageetha and G. M. Nasira, "Radial Basis Function Model for Vegetable Price Prediction", International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Informatics and Mobile Engineering, pp. 424-428, 2013
 Yung-Hsing Peng, Chin-shun Hsu, and Po-Chuang Huang, "An investigation of Spatial approaches for crop price forecasting in different Taiwan markets",2015.
 Prof A K Mariappah and J Austin Ben Das, "A Paradigm for rice yield prediction in Tamil Nadu", IEEE International Conference on Technological Innovations in ICT For Agriculture and Rural Development (TIAR), pp. 18-21, 2017.
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 Fagerlund S Bird species recognition using Support Vector Machines. EURASIP J Adv Signal Processing, Article ID 38637, p 8, 2007.
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 Das KC, Evans MD Detecting fertility of hatching eggs using machine vision II: Neural Network classifiers. Trans ASAE 35(6):2035–2041, 1992.
1*Student, Dept. Of CSE, Shri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Engineering, Dharwad, India. 2: Professor, Dept. Of CSE, Shri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Engineering, Dharwad, India.
Background: In this age of technology, online business is playing a vital role in the growth of the economy of the business. Hence, people need feedback on various products, technologies, businesses, etc. Since their opinions are the input for an individual to evaluate and adapt them. Therefore, the Review system is playing a vital role in decision making. So there arises a necessity to evaluate the reviews as well since the business units are trying to generate fake reviews to identify more clients for their products.
Methods/ Statistical Analysis: In this paper, we implement two machine learning algorithms SVM and Naďve Bayes algorithm and analyse the data and predict for the new set of data. We also compare the performance of both algorithms.
Findings: In this paper, we are trying to develop a Machine learning model which analyses the reviews on various factors and obtain the necessary features and classify the reviews as a fake or non-fake review. This helps in identifying fraudulent reviews and predicts the trustworthiness of the reviews in the future.
Improvements: The system can introduce and make available Machine learning techniques and identifying fake reviews at the earliest stage.
Anjali S Dilliwala, Raghavendra G S."Semantic & Behavioral Feature analysis for Detecting Fake Reviews using Machine Learning". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT), ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 06,pp.40-45, June - 2020, URL:https://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I606.pdf,
 Esposito, Gennaro. LP-type methods for Optimal Transductive SVMs. Vol. 3. Gennaro Esposito, PhD, 2014.
 N. Jindal and B. Liu, "Review spam detection", Proceedings of the 16th international conference on World Wide Web - WWW 07 (2007), ACM, pp. 1189–1190, 2007
 Myle Ott, Yejin Choi, Claire Cardie, and Jeffrey T. Hancock. Finding deceptive opinion spam by any stretch of the imagination. Proceedings of the 49th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies - Volume 1, HLT, 2011.
 S. Xie, G. Wang, S. Lin, and P. S. Yu, "Review spam detection via temporal pattern discovery," p. 823, 2012.
 W. Etaiwi,G.Naymat, "The impact of applying pre-processing steps on review spam detection", The 8th international conference on emerging ubiquitous system and pervasion networks, Elsevier, pp. 273-279, 2017.
 P.Rosso, D.Cabrera, M. Gomez, "Detecting positive and negative deceptive opinions using PU-learning", Elsevier, pp.1-11, 2014.
 S. Feng, L. Xing, A Gogar and Y. Choi, "Distributional footprints of deceptive product reviews". In Proceedings of the 6th International AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media (ICWSM), pp. 98- 105, 2012.
 M. I. Ahsan, T. Nahian, A. A. Kafi, M. I. Hossain, and F. M. Shah, "Review spam detection using active learning," 2016 IEEE 7th Annual Information Technology, Electronics and Mobile Communication Conference (IEMCON), 2016.
 M. Singh, L. Kumar, and S. Sinha, "Model for Detecting Fake or Spam Reviews," Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing ICT Based Innovations, pp. 213–217, Jan. 2017.
1*,2: Department Of Civil Engineering , Matu Ram Institute Of Engineering and Management, Rohtak(Hr), India Affiliated by Maharishi Dayanand University, Rohtak.
This research work is completed to embrace the project work on rehabilitation and retrofitting of fireside damaged concrete buildings. This study explains the rehab process of fireside damaged concrete buildings in three basic categories; condition evaluation, higher cognitive process, rehabilitation & retrofitting. Evaluation method of damaged building has been based upon understanding of fabric properties at elevated temperatures, condition survey and condition assessment. Condition survey includes visual inspection, hammering and chiselling techniques whereas condition assessment includes both non-destructive and destructive tests that are selected upon the premise of efficiency, economy, and performance. Feasibility study is required to form right decisions for the rehab of fireside damaged building. Such a feasibility study should include all important aspects which will have a control within the future, therefore must be considered in higher cognitive process. The method and testing procedures can be used to evaluate the level of damage and feasibility of repair needed. The evaluation can be used to whether to repair or to demolish the structure
Arun, Hardik Dhull."Repair and Rehabilitation of Fireside Damaged Concrete Structure ". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) , ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 06,pp.34-39, June- 2020, URL:http://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I605.pdf,
 "Handbook On repair and Rehabilitation of RCC Buildings", Published by Director General (Works), General Public Works Department, Government of India, 2002.
 H.U. Zaman, "Retrofitting and Rehabilitation of High Rise Fire Damaged Concrete Building", Master Thesis, Study Course Construction and Real Estate Management ,September 2014
 CPWD, India: Handbook of repair and rehabilitation of R.C.C buildings. 2002,
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1 & 2: Civil department, Matu Ram Institute of Engineering and Management, MDU, Rohtak, Haryana, INDIA
The Increase in the level of pollution, global warming, and the effect of greenhouse gases resulted in an urgent need of sustainable green building technology. The methodology adopted is to spread awareness among the entity about green buildings and save cost for them for a long term. In this various case studies are thoroughly studied along with which a site is selected, than the overall quantity estimation is done, than from the market studies cost analysis is prepared and we compare a new green building with the traditional building. We found that the developed nations like U.S.A, U.K, and Russia had already made certain rules and regulations regarding eco-friendly development and the developing nations like India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh are trying to achieve a sustainable development. This paper shows the need of green building as a sustainable development all over the globe especially in developing countries. This case study selects a residential house which is constructed as per the green structure norms in the state of Haryana in India. As India is the second largest populated nation in the world with its 68.84% of total population living in villages (according to 2011 census of India).This paper helps villagers of India to construct and implement simple, sustainable and economic techniques for construction of their residential houses which also results in developing India rapidly.
Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA); Indoor Environmental Quality, LEED
Mukul Attri, Nitu."Review Analysis & Enlightening Entity about Green Buildings ". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT), ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 06,pp.29-33, June- 2020, URL:http://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I604.pdf,
 “The economic benefits of green building-year book” 2009-10, Australia Bureau of statics, Canberra, Australia; 2010
 T.Ramesh, Ravi Prakash, KK Shukla, “Life cycle energy analysis of buildings”
 US energy information administration, “Life cycle assessment of the building materials outlook 2010”
 of integrated analysis and forecasting, US Department of Energy, Washington, DC 20585; 2010
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 Omer Tatari; Murat Kucukvar, “Cost premium prediction of certified green building”
 Berkeley program on housing and urban policy; Eichholtz, piet: Maastricht University
 Guy R, Newsham, Sandra Mancini, Do LEED-certified buildings save energy? Yes, but…
Faculty of Applied Studies, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah- Saudi Arabia,
Background: paper intends to explore students’ perceptions of virtual learning amidst COVID-19. It also elicits information about an alternative e-learning strategy which is perhaps the only option left after an official call for social distancing. The research was initially undertaken to find out the pedagogic relevance of virtual learning as a novel teaching strategy. Hence it is essential to mention that King Abdul-Aziz university-Jeddah has been utilizing technology and e-learning/blended learning technique for around 11 years.
Method of the study
The study is qualitative-descriptive. Data collected through an adapted questionnaire was qualitatively analysed to achieve the research objectives. The sample was taken from a government university in Saudi Arabia.
Findings & Conclusions
The results show that many students think distance or e-learning was a good experience. However, they felt a lot other personal, pedagogic and technical issues. All of them agreed that distance learning as a mode of education could be both useful and innovative, yet it poses many challenges during successful implementation for achievement of objectives.
Based on the findings the researcher recommends that distance learning can be made more relevant, effective and quality - oriented if teachers are well trained, students are motivated and administration is supportive.
COVID-19, virtual learning, e-learning, distance learning, perception, social distancing
Dr Intakhab Alam Khan."Learners’ Perception of Virtual Learning Amidst COVID-19 ". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT), ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 06,pp.19-28, June - 2020, URL:http://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I603.pdf,
Adler, R. W., Milne, M. J. & Stablein, R. Situated motivation: An empirical test in an accounting class. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences, 18(2), 101-116,2001. Al-Asmari, A.R. Evaluating the Prospects of Integrating Technology in Pre-service EFL Teacher Training. Arab World English Journal. 2(2)133–166.2011
Al-Qahtani AAY, Higgins SE. Effects of traditional, blended and e-learning on students_ achievement in higher education. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning. 29(3)220–234,2013
Al-Shehri AM. E-learning in Saudi Arabia: To E or not to E, that is the question. J Family Community Med. 17(3)147–150,2010
Allo, M.D.G. Is the online learning good in the midst of Covid-19 Pandemic? The case of EFL learners, Jurnal Sinestesia, Vol. 10(1), 2020
Benbunan-Fich, R. & Starr, R. H. Mediators of the effectiveness of online courses. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, 46(4), 296-312,2003.
Brass, K. Pushing E-learning. Sales and Marketing Management, 154(3), 56,2002.
Burke, L. A. & Moore, J. E. A perennial dilemma in OB education: Engaging the traditional student. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 2(1), 37-53,2003. Buzzetto-More N. A. Student perceptions of various e-learning components.
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Buzzetto-More, N. Student attitudes towards the integration of youtube in online, hybrid, and web-assisted courses: An examination of the impact of course modality on
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Mamattah, R.S. Students’ Perceptions of E-Learning. Master dissertation, Linköping University , Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, LIU-IBL/IMPALGC-A—16/005-SE, 2016.
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McKeachie, W. McKeachie’s Teaching Tips: Strategies, Research, and Theory for College and University Teachers (11th ed.). Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.p.19,2002. Mirza A.A. Is E-Learning finally gaining legitimacy in Saudi Arabia? Applied Computing and Informatics. 6(2),2008.
Rubin, B and Fernandes, R. “The teacher as leader: effect of teaching behaviors on class community and agreement,” International Review of Research in Open and Online Learning, vol. 14(5), 2013, http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1510/2707.
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1 & 2: Dept. Management, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University), Mullana, India
Background/Objectives: In this paper, we examination include relatives from a distributed and unpublished investigation from around the globe to survey associates of apparent work environment sexual orientation segregation that have critical ramifications for representatives.
Methods/Statistical analysis: In this paper Quota sampling technique to be used. In this paper, three variables should be used to meet the objectives. These are controlled variables, dependent variables and Independent variables define in this paper. Sample size should be taken 120. Questionnaires will be divided into three segments mentally stress, family conflict and job satisfaction for estimation of dependent variables to be used appropriate statistical tools.
Findings: Our finding of this paper mentally stresses factors remembered to study about include mental indications and judgements of psychological conditions, sickness, what’s more, aliments estimated utilizing different clinical lists and wellbeing markers. We characterize the physical wellbeing as one’s capacity to genuinely work and perform workday today exercises without limitations.
Improvements/Applications: Seen sexual orientations separations is related to sparse representatives occupations perspectives, physical wellbeing results and practices
Gender inequality, Woman, Mentally health of women on workplace, working environment
Deepa Sharma, Dr. C. Venkateswaran."Workplace Sex Bias and Employees Opinion: A Study about India Perspective". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT), ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 06,pp.13-18, June - 2020, URL:http://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I602.pdf,
 Heilman E. Madeline, 2012, Gender stereotypes and workplace bias, www.sciencedirect.com, Research in Organizational Behavior 32 (2012) 113–135.
 Buchanan, N. T. 2002. Examining the impact of racial harassment on sexually harassed African American women, Doctoral dissertation. Retrieved from Proudest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3070268).
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1 &2 : Computer Science, Faculty of Physical Sciences, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a death-defying respiratory tract ailment that causes trouble in breathing which deteriorates after some time. COPD is an umbrella term used to order the amalgamation of Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema. The manifestations of this infection are frequent coughing, fatigue, sweating, breathlessness, tiredness, weight loss, wheezing, fast heart rate, fast breathing and chest tightness just to name not many. This malady is pervasive with individuals whose age ranges from 30 or more and afterward arrives at its top in patients over 50. Because of the covering manifestations this malady imparts to other respiratory tract illnesses; it is in some cases under-analyzed and misdiagnosed a circumstance which is much uncontrolled in Sub-Sahara Africa. In time past, COPD has caused a large number of deaths overall yearly because of absence of early determination of the illness. In ongoing past, a few frameworks have been created to analyze this non-transmittable malady, yet they produced a ton of bogus negative during testing and couldn't identify COPD because of its covering side effects it imparts to other respiratory tract illnesses. Consequently, in this paper, we proposed and developed a model to foresee COPD utilizing an AI procedure called Bayesian Belief Network. The model was structured utilizing Bayes Server and tested with data gathered from COPD medical repository. The model had a general expectation precision of 99.98%; 99.79%, 95.91% and 98.39% sensitivity of COPD, Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema in that order.
Alile Solomon.O,Bello Moses.E."Diagnosing Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Using Bayesian Belief Network". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) ,ISSN:2349-7084 ,Vol.7, Issue 06,pp.1-12, June - 2020, URL :https://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I601.pdf,
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Information Technology, St. John College of Engineering and Management, Mumbai University, India
In today's world, security is the most significant concern. We produce tons of data that must be unbroken secure. Be it our data or data associated with a transnational company. The data can be protected with the usage of authentication and authorization. Authentication and authorization help to verify and validate a user's identification. Applications in today's society are swaying towards IoT concepts as this delivers them agility, competency, conventionality, and future-proof. However, this winds up into a higher security risk. The projected system proposes a multi-factor authentication methodology or, in simple terms, presents a 3-way authentication. This constitutes the well-known authentication levels that are the password and OTP but mainly focuses on the third step signifying the most protected method of authentication that's the challenge-response pair mechanism. The generated challenge is exclusive to each user, and therefore, the gadget.
Secure Authentication Mechanism in IoT Based Healthcare System
Anita Chaudhari, Janice Rodrigues, Aparna Vattamparambil, Revati Warang, Vidya More."Secure Authentication Mechanism in IoT Based Healthcare System". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) , ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 05,pp.13-18, May - 2020, URL:https://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I503.pdf,
1. Two Factor Authentication Using Mobile Phones" by Fadi Aloul, Syed Zahidi, Wassim El-Hajj, IEEE, 2016.
2. "A Security-Enhanced Authentication and Key Distribution Protocol for Wireless Networks" by Chao Lv, Maode Ma, Hui Li, and Jianfeng Ma, IEEE, 2010.
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1-Management, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Management, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University) Mullana, Ambala, India ; 2- Management, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Management, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University) Mullana, Ambala, India
Background/Objectives: This paper presents how to maintain family responsibilities and their careers successfully. Working women in daily life faced many challenges. To identify the problems among family responsibilities and their careers.
Methods/Statistical analysis: In this paper sample data is 120 to be used to get the appropriate results. SPSS tools used to convert the information in statics data. Demographic of respondents and Descriptive statistics used to reach the results. And the study of all factors impacts on respondents to maintain a balance between family responsibility and their careers. Correlation shows between family responsibility and growth in careers. Collection of data respondents are working in the academic sector.
Findings: In this paper, we found its fact a working woman faced many problems to maintain the balance between their professions and care for their families. So in this paper, all issues describe how to female managed the family responsibilities and job stability with growth. It's very critical situations handled by them. Many problems and challenges suffered by female faculty in the education sector. That's why behind the reason some time women quit their jobs. The workplace is seen as men's space and engaging of women is taken as lack of regard. Regardless, this technique is rapidly advancing now, and cash related similarity as other social components have not quite recently extended the number of working women in all circles of life, yet what's more, have improved the value of their non-conventional duty towards society. Sometimes women faced unhealthy jokes on women at the workplace. The main reason of behind these issues as unformulated manners unhelpful concepts in the effective atmosphere, nonappearance of beliefs, deception group effort, is deficient in leaning along with the consumption of an assortment of dialects, stringent ethnicity and convictions etc.
Improvements/Applications: In future perspectives study the male also faces these types' problems in their lives. Family responsibilities also make a barrier in their career growth. Male and female has the same family responsibilities, problems and issues faced in their lives.
Family responsibility, Career, Women, Education sector
Mrs.Deepa Sharma, Dr. C. Venkateswaran."Family Responsibilities Make a Barrier in the Career of Female Faculty". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT), ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 05,pp.9-12, May - 2020, URL:http://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I502.pdf,
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7. MD Carr Phyllis, Race, Disadvantage and Faculty Experiences in Academic Medicine, https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11606-010-1478-7Journal of General Internal Medicine Volume 25, pages1363–1369 (2010)
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Digvijay Pandey ,Srith ZithDey Babu,Birhanu Ayenew, Binay Kumar Pandey,Dr NidhiVerma,Wegayehu Enbeyle, Tajamul Islam,Edeh Michael Onyema ,Moisés Filiberto Mora Murillo, Jonathan James O. Canete,P Madhusudana Patra,Lalgoulen Khongsai,
1*Department of Technical Education, IET, Lucknow, India. 2-Chittagong independent university, Chittagong, Bangladesh;3-Nursing department, health Science College, Assosa University, Assosa, Ethiopia. 4-Dept of IT, GovindBallabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technolog, U.K, India. 5-Government P.G College for Women, Rohtak, India. 6-MSc in Biostatistics, Mizan-Tepi University, Tepi,Ethiopia; 7-University of Kashmir ,Hazratbal Srinagar ;8-University,KSA,Coal City University,Nigeria; 9-Instituto Superior TecnológicoTsa'chila; 10-De La Salle University, Manila Philippines; 11-SRM DBT Facility, SRM Institute of science and technology, Chennai, India-603203, 12-Department of Commerce, Manipur University
The developing country is facing this unprecedented disease called COVID-19. Ever since its conception in the area of Wuhan, it is rapidly spreading and creating respiratory disorders not only to humans but also to other species as well, resulting in common colds to further critical conditions, for instance, MERS (Middle-Eastern-Respiratory Syndrome) and SARS (Severe-Acute-Respiratory-Syndrome). Among the identified measures, regular hand-washing, and maintaining social (physical) distance consistent with expert recommendations, the most straightforward available choice to manage the extend of COVID-19. Currently, developing countries have a low health care workforce. Crowded uses of public transportation, lack of sanitation, hiding suspected cases, lack of personal protective equipment for health care providers, and immune-compromised presence make a significant impact.
Coronavirus, COVID-19, 2019-nCoV, pandemic, public health emergency, Middle-Eastern-Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), Severe-Acute-Respiratory-Syndrome (SARS)
Digvijay Pandey ,Srith ZithDey Babu,Birhanu Ayenew,Binay Kumar Pandey,Dr NidhiVerma,Wegayehu Enbeyle,Tajamul Islam,Edeh Michael Onyema ,Moisés Filiberto Mora Murillo,Jonathan James O. Canete,P Madhusudana Patra,Lalgoulen Khongsai."Infectivity, Preclusion, and Control (IPC) of Pandemic Novel COVID-19". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) ,ISSN:2349-7084 ,Vol.7, Issue 05,pp.1-8, May - 2020, URL :https://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I501.pdf,
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24. SrithaZithDeyBabu , Digvijay Pandey , Ismail Sheik , "an overview of a crime detection system using the art of data mining",ijiert- International Journal of Innovations in Engineering Research and Technology, Volume 7, Issue 5, ISSN : 2394-3696, Page No. 125-128, 2020.
This paper proposes a method for the surveillance in the vicinity of the armed forces where there is exposure to intruders/prosecutor throughout. The Video Surveillance Robot is designed in such a way using the IoT (Internet of Things) it can give an overview of the operations all over. The armed forces require 24×7 vigilance, which is not feasible for human because of invasion of the intruders, which is extensive at times. In earlier days, the robots were composed with an unreliable approach that it had several limitations comparably of expenditure, magnitude, confidentiality, connection and manual surveillance. So, the wireless Video Surveillance Robot plays an essential role in armed forces and becomes a helping hand to the military personnel. The Video Surveillance Robot provides continuous live video streaming of the area on a Webpage or mobile phone with the help of a web camera. And the pi camera captures the images of circumstances and simultaneously uploads them on the Cloud. The ultrasonic sensors detect the obstacle in the lead and find the most extended pathway for continuous supervision. The exclusive Video Surveillance system is implemented on Raspberry Pi3, which includes the Raspbian Operating System, and it operates with the language Python to write a program for numerous segments for the robotic system.
Raspberry Pi 3, Power battery, L293D, Ultrasonic sensor, Video surveillance, Web camera, Pi camera, Server motor, Webpage.
Vikram Jain, Kritika Poojari, Anita Chaudhari."Prototype for Design and Development of Video Surveillance Robot". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) , ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 04,pp.28-34, April - 2020, URL :http://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I406.pdf,
 P.Ajaykumar, P.Ramesh babu, Joshila Grace "A Intelligent Unmanned Secure Robot using IoT" International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, Volume 118 No. 20, 2018.
 Ben Kehoe, Sachin Patil, Pieter Abbeel, Ken Goldberg Fellow "A Survey of Research on Cloud Robotics and Automation" IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering,2014.
 Wen-Tsuen Chen, Po-Yu Chen, Wei-Shun Lee, Chi-Fu Huang "Design and Implementation of a Real Time Video Surveillance System with Wireless Sensor Networks" 2008 IEEE.
 K. Damodhar, B. Vanathi, K.Shanmugam "A Surveillance Robot For Real Time Monitoring And Capturing Controlled Using Android Mobile" Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 2016.
 Huu-Quoc Nguyen, Ton Thi Kim Loan, Bui Dinh Mao, Eui-Nam Huh "Low Cost Real-Time System Monitoring Using Raspberry Pi" 2015 IEEE.
 Widodo Budiharto " Design of Tracked Robot with Remote Control for Surveillance" 2014 IEEE.
 Nazirah Ahmad Zaini, NorlizaZaini, Mohd Fuad Abdul Latip, Nabilah Hamzah " Remote Monitoring System based on a Wi-Fi Controlled Car Using Raspberry Pi" Conference on Systems, Process and Control, 2016 IEEE.
 Shahajada Mahmudul Hasan, Syed Mamun R Rasid, Avijit Mallik, Md. Rokunuzzaman “Development of a Wireless Surveillance Robot for Controlling from Long Distance”, International Journal of Engineering Research And Management (IJERM), Volume-05, Issue-09, September 2018.
 SouvikSaha, Murshed Nawaz Kamal, SayakPramanik, Arko Singh, Soumya Dutta, Angshuman Khan, Palash Bera, UttamGorian, Surajit Sur “GPS Based Smart Spy Surveillance Robotic System Using Raspberry Pi for Security Application and Remote Sensing”, 2017 IEEE.
 Ketan Dumbre, Ajinkya Dhekne, SnehalGaneshkar “Robotic Vehicle Control using the Internet via Webpage and Keyboard”, International Journal of Computer Applications, Volume 114 – No. 17, March 2015.
 MrAnanthapadmanabhan J, MsAnnu Mariam Abraham, MrLibin M George, MsVineetha Anna Saji, Prof. Anil A R “Smart Robotic Assistant Using IoT”, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), Volume: 04 Issue: 06 June -2017.
 Mr.T.Saravanakumar, D.Keerthana, D.Santhiya, J.Sneka, D.Sowmiya " Surveillance Robot Using Raspberry Pi-IoT"International Journal of Electronics, Electrical and Computational System , ISSN 2348-117X Volume 7, 2018.
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 R.Venkatasubramanium, N.Adithiyan, R. Jagadesh, V. Deepak Ramanan “Surveillance Robot based on Raspberry Pi-3”, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), Volume: 06 Issue: 02 Feb 2019.
 Ghanem Osman Elhaj Abdalla, T. Veeramanikandasamy “Implementation of Spy Robot for A Surveillance System using Internet Protocol of Raspberry Pi”, 2nd IEEE International Conference On Recent Trends In Electronics Information & Communication Technology, May 19-20, 2017.
Electronics & Telecommunication, Bharat College Of Engineering, University Of Mumbai
The IoT Technology provided in this paper is a good option for surveillance the weather data at a particular region and make the data visible anywhere in the world. The idea behind this is Electronic sensors connected to the Public Internet by using IoT technology. The data fetched from the embedded system can be accessible over the Internet from anywhere in the world. In some area, it will be challenging to check and monitor the vital weather parameter through wires and analogue devices during some weather hazards. To resolve this problem here, electronic sensors are used to review and monitor the weather parameters.
Suryakant Acharekar ,Prashant Dawnade,Binay Kumar Dubey,Prof. Prabhakar Mhadse."IoT Based Weather Monitoring System". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) ,ISSN:2349-7084 ,Vol.7, Issue 04,pp.20-22, April - 2020, URL :http://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I404.pdf,
 A Study on IoT Approach for Monitoring Water Quality Using MQTT Algorithm, Alfiya Abubaker1, Kavya C R2, Tilju Thomas3, Nikhil Joseph4, Shifana Begum5, 1,2,3,4 Final Year UG Students, Dept. of CSE, Srinivas School Of Engineering, Mangalore
 IoT Based Water Quality Monitoring System, Mourvika Shirode, Monika Adaling, Jyoti Biradar, Trupti Mate, Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Keystone School of Engineering, Pune, Maharashtra, India
 Girija C Department of Electronics and Communication, NIEIT, Andreanna Grace ShiresDepartment of Electronics and Communication, NIEIT, Mysuru Internet of Things (IoT) based Weather, International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT)
 Mobile APP & IoT Based Station Weather Station. AUTHOR: K. N. V. SATYANARAYANA, S. R. N. REDDY, K. N. V. SURESH VARMA & P. KANAKA RAJU
 Arduino Based Weather Monitoring System. AUTHOR: Karthik Krishnamurthi, Suraj Thapa, Lokesh Kothari, Arun Prakash
 Internet of Things (IoT) Based Weather Monitoring system, Bulipe Srinivas Rao1, Prof. Dr K. Srinivasa Rao2, Mr N. Ome3, international Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, ISO 3297:2007 Certified, Vol. 5, Issue 9, September 2016
1&2 . Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering, Maharaja Institute of Technology Mysore, Karnataka, India.
This paper introduces an iterative technique to segmentation of indoor floor from a single 2-D camera connected to a mobile robot. The segmentation of the floor is an essential function for efficient mobile robot navigation, unlike previous approaches which rely on geometric indications, edges etc. Mobile robot mounted with the 2-D camera can capture floors images over long indoor sequences. Both floor and non-floor regions are all of a similar color when the conditions of illumination vary over a single image. The texture of the floor varies over a single image, and features may be lost as lighting changes. As mobile robot rotates, lot of information may be lost in the presence of small obstacles. Some floor areas are very shining under the artificial light condition. The radiant floor gives the wrong segmentation output. In the proposed approach does not require multiple images. The floor patterns are dynamically selected in the proposed research, and segmentation is performed based on the chosen designs. Camera calibration is not required in the proposed approach for floor segmentation. Also, edge cues and geometric cues are not necessary. The extensive experiment is conducted on a broad set of real indoor corridor floor image set.
segmentation, pattern, floor, structuring element, standard deviation.
Honnaraju B, S Murali."Real-Time Indoor Floor Detection for Mobile Robots using Iterative Approach". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT), ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 04,pp.23-27, April - 2020, URL:http://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I405.pdf,
Dr. M. R. Arun, Prof. M. R. Sheeba, Prof. F. Shabina Fred Rishma, ,
Associate Professor, ECE, PBR Visvodaya Institute of Technology and Science , Nellore, India , 2. Assistant Professor& RS, CSE, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, India, 3. Assistant Professor, CSE, Cape Institute of Technology, Levinjipuram, India
With the rapid advancement in technological innovation, block Chain has become one of the hottest transformative techniques in the internet domain in recent times. As considered to be a decentralized, distributed and highly encrypted technology in data transfer, the blockchain has restored the trust for secured business transactions by the sophisticated cryptographic algorithm. Here the protocol validates that all nodes are merely synchronized with one another, thus providing security, anonymity, and data integrity without the requirement of any other third party intrusion. Block chain technology which is also known as DLT (Distributed Ledger Technology) that is a great platform for non-physical money transaction such as bitcoin and other online crypto currencies. It is seen as emerging foundational security-based technology having enormous potential across different sectors. Blockchain as a decentralized mode useful for a peer-to-peer network without the essential of any central or controlling authority server. This will, in general, reduce transaction costs, improved security, and execute the financial transaction in real-time. Block chain is significant and not the same as of now existing techniques. Since it empowers disseminated, independent decreases grating in business exchanges with safety and shares decentralized records, this paper gives a discussion on the comparative analysis of block chain technology with other existing technologies.
Dr. M. R. Arun,Prof. M. R. Sheeba,Prof. F. Shabina Fred Rishma."Comparing BlockChain with other Cryptographic Technologies (DAG, Hashgraph, Holochain)". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) ,ISSN:2349-7084 ,Vol.7, Issue 04,pp.13-19, April- 2020, URL :http://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I403.pdf,
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1. Department of West Asian and North African studies (Economics), Aligarh Muslim University, UP-202001, India
International trade has been considered as an engine of economic growth since very long. India has also been involved in trading terms with the world in fact in order to enhance its trading terms, India has adopted economic reforms in 1991 in the form of liberalization, Globalization and Privatization .India’s major trading partners are China, USA, UAE, Germany, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman .But here we are confined to the study of trade between India and UAE. India is having good trading terms with UAE since 1972 that is from the establishment of UAE.UAE has remained important source for India not only for imports and exports but for remittances also. In this study we have tried to analyze trade intensity index for India with respect to UAE. Study period has been taken from 2001 to 2016.We have found that India’s export intensity index (wrt) UAE, was highest in 2001 estimated as 12.5 while lowest in the year 2010.Then import intensity index highest in 2010 and lowest in 2002.Besides that we have also discussed the composition of trade between the two countries.
International trade, Economic growth, Remittances, Trade intensity index.
Saima Farhat, Khalid Ul Islam Rather."A TRADE INTENSITY ANALYSIS BETWEEN INDIA AND UAE SINCE 2001". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT), ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 04,pp.6-12, April - 2020, URL:https://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I402.pdf,
World Trade Organization, 2008. “Trade in a globalized World”, World Trade Report.
UN Comrade Statistics database.
World Trade Organization, 2011. RTA Gateway, 2011 Annual report 2016-17, ministry of commerce.
2. K.A. Goyal & A. Vajid 2017, “Revealed Comparative Advantage of India's Rice Export with selected countries
3. K.A. Goyal & A. Vajid 2016, “An Analysis of Bilateral Trade between India and UAE”, Pacific Business Review
4. Sundar Raj P & Ambrose B 2014, “A Brief Analysis of India-Japan Bilateral Trade: A Trade Intensity Approach”,
5. Beretta, S. and R. T. Lenti. 2012. 'India and China: Trading with the World and Each Other', Economic &
Political?Weekly,?Vol.?47,?No.?44,?35–Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry. (2013). India-UAE Economic Relations, Retrieved from Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry, New Delhi website: http://www.ficci.com/international/75185
Samir Ranjan. “India’s Export Potential to the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries: A Gravity Model Analysis.” IUP Journal of Applied Economics (UNESCA), 2006: 48-71.
Krishna, A, Goyal and Abdul Vajid “An analysis of India’s trade with UAE” journal of commerce and trade, April 2018,UGC approved,journal number 48687.
Muhammad Azhar, Economic Cooperation between India and United Arab Emirates in the 1990’s, journal of Middle Eastern studies. Volume 40, 2004, issue 5.
Alok.k.Yadav and Umesh.K.Yadav “Ananalysis of India Bahrain trade relations” IOSR journal of economics and finance.e-ISSN: 2321-5933, p-ISSN: 2321-5925.Volume 8, Issue 1 Ver. I (Jan-Feb. 2017), PP 73-82.
Rishabh, Kumar, and Rajiv Ranjan. “Evolution of Indo-GCC Trade Relations: The Last Two Decades.” International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Research, 2012: 1-8.
Civil department, Matu Ram Institute of Engineering and Management, MDU University, Rothak, Haryana, INDIA
The paper elucidates about the proper utilization of plastic materials in civil construction projects. The volume of plastic waste is increased, which results in creating unbalance in the environment by polluting land, air as well as water. According to CPCB (central pollution control board), India generates almost 26,000tonnes of plastic per day. From 26,000tonnes near about 10,000 tonnes a day, the plastic waste remains uncollected, and that plastic ends up in the natural environment mostly in seas. A vast amount of plastic waste is brought from tourist attraction regions, which further burnt and finally leads to toxic gasses that are harmful to even living beings. To outcome from this problem, the use of plastic should be controlled, and plastic waste should be utilized properly so that it does not create pollution. Nowadays, such waste material utilized in a different type of road construction and in other civil construction, which shows the hope of tackling this issue. In brick blocks, carry bags, disposable, PET, HDPE, and PE are used with sand to obtain high strength. These days, plastic waste used as a modifier, which further helps in a reduction in the volume of cement and results as a decrease in the overall cost required to complete the construction work. The plastic helps to raise the melting point for bitumen. Even moisture will not seep from brick due to the presence of plastic, which increases the working periods before any repairs of the building.
Mr. Abhay Singh Chahal, Ms. Neetu Balhara."Utilization of Plastic Waste Materials in Manufacturing of Bricks & Paver Blocks". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT), ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 04,pp.1-5, April - 2020, URL:http://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I401.pdf,
 Aeslina Abdul Kadir, Noor Amira Sarani, “An Overview of Wastes Recycling in Fired Clay Bricks” International Journal of Integrated Engineering, Vol. 4 No. 2 (2012) p. 53-69.
 AmitGawande, G. Zamare., V.C Renge., SaurabhTayde, G. Bharsakale.. (2012) “An overview on waste plastic utilization in asphalting of roads”, Journal of Engineering Research and Studies (JERS), Vol.III, Issue II, pp 01-05.
 Ganesh Tapkire, Satish Parihar, PramodPatil, Hemraj R Kumavat, “Recycled Plastic used in Concrete Paver Block” International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology eissn: 2319-1163, Vol: 03 special issue: 09, NCETCE-2014.
 P K Jain, Shanta Kumar & J B Sengupta, “Mitigation of rutting in bituminous roads by use of waste polymeric packaging materials” Indian Journal of Engineering & Materials Sciences Vol. 18, June 2011, pp. 233-238.
 V.Kasselouri-Rigopoulou, S. Gavela, S. Kolias“Use Of Polymeric Wastes in The Concrete Production” Polymers in concrete: a vision for the 21st century, Cement & Concrete Composites 21: (1999) 449-452.
 L.R Schroeder, “The Use of Recycled Materials in Highway construction”, Public Roads, Vol 58,Issue 2, 1994.
 Madan mohanreddy ,k,ajitha .B and bhavani.R(2012) “Melt- Densified Post-Consumer Recycled Plastic Bags Used as Light Weight Aggregate in Concrete”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 Vol. 2, Issue, pp.1097-1101.
Dr.prahallada M.C and Dr.prakash K.B “strength and workability characteristics of waste plastic fibre reinforced concrete produced from recycled aggregates”international journal of engineering research and applications(IJERA) ISSN:2248-962.
M.Tech(DECS) Student, DR.K.V Subba Reddy College of Engineering For Women,Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India.
In this paper we developed a new dimensionality reduction method, named Biomimetic Uncorrelated Locality Discriminate Projection (BULDP), for face recognition. It is based on unsupervised discriminate projection and two human bionic characteristics: principle of homology continuity and principle of heterogeneous similarity. With these two human bionic characteristics, we propose a novel adjacency coefficient representation, which does not only capture the category information between different samples, but also reflects the continuity between similar samples and the similarity between different samples. By applying this new adjacency coefficient into the unsupervised discriminant projection, it can be shown that we can transform the original data space into an uncorrelated discriminant subspace. A detailed solution of the proposed BULDP is given based on singular value decomposition. Moreover, we also develop a nonlinear version of our BULDP using kernel functions for nonlinear dimensionality reduction. The performance of the proposed algorithms is evaluated and compared with the state-of-the-art methods on four public benchmarks for face recognition. Experimental results show that the proposed BULDP method and its nonlinear version achieve much competitive recognition performance..
Mrs.NAZIA BEGUM,Mr.SYED NOORULLAH."Biometric Uncorrelated Face Recognition Using Unsupervised Learning". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) ,ISSN:2349-7084 ,Vol.7, Issue 03,pp.13-18, March - 2020, URL :https://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I303.pdf,
 Z. R. Lai, D. Q. Dai, C. X. Ren, and K. K. Huang, “Discriminative and compact coding for robust face recognition,” IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics, vol. 45, pp. 1900–1912, 2015.
 J. Lu, V. E. Liong, G. Wang, and P. Moulin, “Joint feature learning for face recognition,” IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, vol. 10, pp. 1371–1383, 2015.
 W. Hwang and J. Kim, “Markov network-based uni?ed classi?er for face recognition,” IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 24, pp. 4263–4275, 2015.
 M. Kafai, L. An, and B. Bhanu, “Reference face graph for face recognition,” IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, vol. 9, no. 12, pp. 2132–2143, 2014.
 M. De Marsico, M. Nappi, D. Riccio, and H. Wechsler, “Robust face recognition for uncontrolled pose and illumination changes,” IEEE Transactions on Systems Man and Cybernetics Systems, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 149–163, 2013.
 T. Zhou and D. Tao, “Double shrinking sparse dimension reduction,” IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 244–257, 2013.
 M. Turk and A. Pentland, “Eigenfaces for recognition,” Journal of cognitive neuroscience, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 71–86, 1991.
 P. N. Belhumeur, J. P. Hespanha, and D. J. Kriegman, “Eigenfaces vs. ?sherfaces: Recognition using class speci?c linear projection,” IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 711–720, 1997.
 P. Belhumeur, J. Hespanha, and D. Kriegman, “Eigenfaces vs. ?sherfaces: recognition using class speci?c linear projection,” IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 711–720, 1997.
 L. F. Chen, H. Y. M. Liao, M. T. Ko, J. C. Lin, and G. J. Yu, “A new lda-based face recognition system which can solve the small sample size problem,” Pattern Recognition, vol. 33, no. 99, p. 1713C1726, 2000.
 H. Yu and J. Yang, “A direct lda algorithm for high-dimensional data ? with application to face recognition,” Pattern Recognition, vol. 34, no. 00, p. 2067C2070, 2001.
 C. Liu and H. Wechsler, “A shape- and texture-based enhanced ?sher classi?er for face recognition,” IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 598–608, 2001.
 W. Zhao, A. Krishnaswamy, R. Chellappa, D. L. Swets, and J. Weng, Discriminant analysis of principal components for face recognition. IEEE, 1998.
 J. Yang, D. Zhang, A. F. Frangi, and J. Y. Yang, “Two-dimensional pca: a new approach to appearance-based face representation and recognition,” IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 131–137, 2004.
 H. Wang, J. Hu, and W. Deng, “Compressing ?sher vector for robust face recognition,” IEEE Access, vol. PP, no. 99, pp. 1–1, 2017.
 E. Begelfor and M. Werman, “The world is not always ?ot or learning curved manifolds,” School of Engineering and Computer Science, Hebrew University of Jerusalem., Tech. Rep, vol. 3, no. 7, p. 8, 2005.
 M. Balasubramanian and E. L. Schwartz, “The isomap algorithm and topological stability,” Science, vol. 295, no. 5552, pp. 7–7, 2002.
 M. Belkin and P. Niyogi, “Laplacian eigenmaps and spectral techniques for embedding and clustering.” in NIPS, vol. 14, 2001, pp. 585–591.
 L. K. Saul and S. T. Roweis, “Think globally, ?t locally: unsupervised learning of low dimensional manifolds,” Journal of Machine Learning Research, vol. 4, pp. 119–155, 2003.
 Z.-y. Zhang and H.-y. Zha, “Principal manifolds and nonlinear dimensionality reduction via tangent space alignment,” Journal of Shanghai University (English Edition), vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 406–424, 2004.
Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering, Maharaja Institute of Technology Mysore, Karnataka, India.
The creation of a 3-D model of indoor environments is increasingly gaining more importance due to the wide variety of applications. Applications are the representation of building, indoor facilities information representation, etc. This paper represents an approach to create visually persuasive 3-D models of indoor corridor based on the mobile robot that is connected to a single 2-D camera. The sequence of images acquired from the 2-D camera and distance between surrounding and the robot is determined. In this paper, the new approach for distance estimation between the wall and the robot is proposed. Distance estimation is achieved using skirting height as a reference. The panoramic stitching of images generates the walls of the indoor corridor. Doors in the corridor are identified using an edge-based approach. The proposed approach is tested for real datasets and getting visually effective results. The proposed approach is intended to address navigation in complex buildings.
distance, panoramic stitching, skirting, 3-D modelling, segmentation, door detection
Mr. Honnaraju B, Dr. Murali S."Reproduction of 3-D Model of Indoor Environment by Moveable Robot with Single 2-D camera for Navigation". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT), ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 03,pp.6-12, March - 2020, URL:https://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I303.pdf,
1. Biber P. Andreasson H., Duckett T. and Schilling A: 3D Modeling of Indoor Environments by a Mobile Robot with a Laser Scanner and Panoramic Camerať. Proc. IEEE/RSJ Int. Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), 2004.
2. Fleck S, Busch F, Biber P, Andreasson H, and Straer W. Omni-Direction 3D modeling on a Mobile Robot using Graph Cuts.â€ť Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) 2005.
3. Biber P, Fleck S, Busch F, Wand M, Duckett T and Stranger W. 3D Modeling of Indoor Environments by a Mobile Platform with Laser Scanner and Panoramic Camera.ť Proc. 13th Europen Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO) 2005.
4. Thrun .S, et al, " A Real-Time Expectation-Maximization Algorithm for Acquiring Multi-Planar Maps of Indoor Environments with Mobile Robots.", IEEE Trans. On Robotics and Automation, 20(3), pp. 433-442, 2003.
5. Christian Weiss and Andreas Zell, Automatic Generation of Indoor VR-Models by a Mobile Robot with a Laser Range Finder and a Color Camera. 2011
6. Lucia Diaz-Vilarino, Kourosh Khoshelham, Joaquin Martinez-Sanchez, and Pedro Arias, "3D Modeling of Building Indoor Spaces and Closed Door from Imagery and Point Clouds.", Sensors in 2015.
Govindraj Chittapur, S. Murali, Basavaraj S. Anami , ,
Department of Computer Applications, Basaveshwar Engineering College, Bagalkot India
In the modern world, people are beliving videos as part of social communication; as camera editing techniques are advanced, video doctoring is a technique for editing and recreating new details in the footage. Identifying these doctored videos poses a problem for the media source, the court of law, and the framework of evidence service. The research on video forensics, and specifically on the automatic recognition of object-based detection of video forgery, is still in its infancy. The approach proposed in this paper uses noise properties, extracted from each frame of the video using Wavelet Transform and nonlinear thresholding such as optimal SURE shrinkage. Gaussian Mixture Density (GMD) uses this as a Gaussian classifier, and the Expectation-Maxima algorithm sets the GMD parameter. Results of the output matrix show that we get excellent precision 99.36 percent recall 99.80 and precision 97.34 percent respectively for object removal and frame duplication detection compared to subsisting methods. The proposed approach effectively detects traces in the forensic video dataset and recognizes these.
Govindraj Chittapur, S. Murali, Basavaraj S. Anami."Forensic Approach For Object Elimination and Frame Replication Detection Using Noise Based Gaussian Classifier". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT), ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 03,pp.1-5, March - 2020, URL:http://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I301.pdf
2012). Surrey University Library for Forensic Analysis (SULFA) of video content. 1-6. 10.1049/cp.2012.0422.
 S. Chen, S. Tan, B. Li, and J. Huang, "Automatic Detection of Object-Based Forgery in Advanced Video," in IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, vol. 26, no. 11, pp. 2138-2151, Nov. 2016.
 Czyzewski, A., Kostek, B., Bratoszewski, P. et al. An audio-visual corpus for multimodal automatic speech recognition. J Intell Inf Syst 49, 167–192 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10844-016-0438-z
 Pandey, Ramesh C., Singh, Sanjay K., and Shukla, K.K. ‘A Passive Forensic Method for Video: Exposing Dynamic Object Removal and Frame Duplication in the Digital Video Using Sensor Noise Features’. Journal of Intelligent & Fuzzy Systems, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 3339-3353, 2017.
 R. Chen, G. Yang, N. Zhu, "Detection of object-based manipulation by the statistical features of object contour," Forensic Science International, vol. 236, pp. 164-169, 2014.
 S. Murali, B. S. Anami and G. B. Chittapur, "Detection of Copy-Create Image Forgery Using Luminance Level Techniques," 2011 Third National Conference on Computer Vision, Pattern Recognition, Image Processing, and Graphics, Hubli, Karnataka, 2011, pp. 215-218
 S. Tan, S. Chen, and B. Li, "GOP based automatic detection of object-based forgery in the advanced video," 2015 Asia-Pacific Signal and Information Processing Association Annual Summit and Conference (APSIPA), Hong Kong, 2015, pp. 719-722.
 Govindraj Chittapur, S. Murali, and Basavaraj Anami “Video Forgery Detection Using Motion Extractor By Referring Block Matching Algorithm” International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research, Volume 8, Issue 10 2019, PP 3240-3243. http://www.ijstr.org/final-print/oct2019/Video-Forgery-Detection-Using-Motion-Extractor-By-Referring-Block-Matching-Algorithm.pdf
 Chittapur G.B., Murali S., Prabhakara H.S., Anami B.S. (2014) Exposing Digital Forgery in Video by Mean Frame Comparison Techniques. In: Sridhar V., Sheshadri H., Padma M. (eds) Emerging Research in Electronics, Computer Science and Technology. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, vol 248. Springer, New Delhi
 Chittapur G.B., Murali S., Prabhakara H.S., Anami B.S. (2019) “Forensic Approach for detecting the region of Copy-Create Video Forgery By applying frame similarity approach” volume7 issue 2, 2019.,pp 12-17 http://www.isca.me/COM_IT_SCI/Archive/v7/i2/3.ISCA-RJCITS-2019-006.pdf
 Govindraj Chittapur, S. Murali, Basavaraj S. Anami."Copy Create Video Forgery Detection Techniques Using Frame Correlation Difference by Referring SVM Classifier"., International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT), ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.6, Issue 12,pp.4-8, December- 2019.
Lecturer, Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Nairobi
The overall objective of this research was to determine the feasibility of wellhead power plants for a sustainable supply of geothermal electricity. Technical, financial and environmental sustainability and feasibility were investigated. A profitability assessment model showed that the payback period based on profit after Tax is 4.4 and 3.4 years without corporate tax which demonstrates financial feasibility. Environmental challenges encountered include corrosive geothermal fluid contamination and emissions of no condensable gases. Technically, it was found out that wellhead plants have lower power plant availability and capacity factor but still acceptable since it is over 70% compared to over 95% for central power plants. Lack of reinjection wells, however, raise concerns over sustainability of resource use in the long term. The study concluded that the Eburru and Olkaria wellhead power plants in Kenya are technically, financially and environmentally sustainable and feasible. Financial viability can be enhanced by tax rebates and holidays while re-injection of geothermal fluid can enhance resource sustainability. The research showed that wellhead power plants make an investment in geothermal less risky and ensure quick returns though technically the central power plants are superior.
Geothermal resources; types of geothermal power plants; feasibility of wellhead power plants; geothermal power plant performance; geothermal electricity generation; Generation capacity.
Moses Jeremiah Barasa Kabeyi."Feasibility of Wellhead Technology Power Plants for Electricity Generation". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) , ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 01,pp.1-16, February - 2020, URL :https://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I201.pdf,
 Alshareef, A.S. (2017).Technology Assessment Model of Developing Geothermal Energy Resources for Supporting Electrical System: the Case for Oregon" (2017). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 3515. Retrieved from . BP (2012): statistical review of world energy, 2012. Retrieved from https://www.laohamutuk.org/DVD/docs/BPWER2012report.pdf.
 ESMAP (2012). Geothermal handbook: Planning and financing power generation. Energy Sector Assistance Management Program. Retrieved from https://www.esmap.org/sites/esmap.org/files/DocumentLibrary/FINAL_Geothermal%20 Handbook_TR002-2_Reduced.pdf.
 ESMAP (2018). Opportunities and challenges for scaling up geothermal development in lac. Energy sector Assistance Management Program.Retrieved from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/173681539626591426/pdf/128045-ESMAP- REVISED-PUBLIC.pdf
 European Commission (1999). Blue book on geothermal resources. European Commission http://www.geoelec.eu/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/EU-Blue-Book-Geothermal-2000.pdf.
 Geothermal Energy Association (2014). Geothermal energy. Retrieved from http://geo-energy.org/basics.aspx.
 Gitogo, W. (2019, July). Kenya ranked 8th largest geothermal power producer in the world. The Kenyan Wall Street. https://kenyanwallstreet.com/kenya-ranked-8th-largest-geothermal-power-producer-in- the-world/.
 Johnson, W.J. & Ogeya, M. (2018). Risky business: developing geothermal power in Kenya Stockholm Environment Institute https://www.sei.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/181025b-gill-johnson-keny a-geothermal-transrisk-db-1810g-1.pdf.
 Kabeyi, M.J.B (2019). Geothermal electricity generation, challenges, opportunities and recommendations. International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research and Engineering, 5(8), 53-95. doi: 10.31695/IJASRE.2019.33408 Retrieved from https://ijasre.net/uploads/2/4019_pdf.pdf.
 Karytsas, C. & Mendrinos, D. (2013, June). Global Geothermal Power Market. European Geothermal Congress, Pisa Italy. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/258926033_ Global_Geothermal_Power_Market.
 Kenya Electricity Generating Company (2020). Olkaria Wellhead Generation Plants. https://www.kengen.co.ke/index.php/business/power-generation/geothermal.html
 Kiptanui,S. & Kipyego,E. (2016). Viability of wellhead power plants in accelerating geothermal development in Kenya: case of Menengai. Proceedings, 6th African Rift Geothermal Conference Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2nd – 4th November 2016. Retrieved from http://theargeo.org/fullpapers/FEASIBILITY%20OF%20USING%20WELLHEAD%.
 Kruszewski, M., Wittig, V.(2018). Review of failure modes in supercritical geothermal drilling projects. Geothermal Energy 6, 28. doi: 10.1186/s40517-018-0113-4.
 Liu XM, Wei M, Yang LN, Wang X. (2017). Thermo-economic analysis and optimization selection of ORC system configurations for low temperature binary-cycle geothermal plant. Appl Therm Eng. 125,153–64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.07.016.
 Lund, J.W. (2007, June).Characteristics, development and utilization of geothermal resources. GHC Bulletin. Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/084d/ecf2a958f35fa125251181253401600a5708.pdf
 Lundin,J., Lundin,U.& Leijon,M.( 2014). EUSUSTEL-WP3 report- Geothermal power production. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/30759059/1_EUSUSTEL_WP3_Report_Geothermal_power.
 Mwagomba, T. (2015). Opportunities and challenges of developing geothermal in developing countries. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015Melbourne, Australia, 19-25April 2015. Retrieved from https://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/db/WGC/papers/WGC/2015/03016.pdf.
 Saitet, D. & Kwambai, C. (2017). Wellhead Generating Plants: KenGen Experience. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015, Melbourne, Australia, 19-25 April 2015 https://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/db/WGC/papers/WGC/2015/08016.pdf.
 Stober and K. Bucher(2013). History Of Geothermal Energy Use, Berlin Heldelberg: Springer-Verlag,
 Simiyu, S. (2010). Status of Geothermal Exploration in Kenya and Future Plans for Its Development. Retrieved from https://orkustofnun.is/gogn/unu-gtp-30-ann/UNU-GTP-30.
 Imaidi, D.L. (2017). Analysis of maintenance methods and developing strategies for optimal maintenance of wellhead power plants at olkaria geothermal field in Kenya. Retrieved from https://orkustofnun.is/gogn/unu-gtp-report/UNU-GTP-2017-12.pdf.
 Kombe, E.Y. & Muguthu, J. (2018). Geothermal energy development in East Africa: Barriers and Strategies. Journal of Energy Research Reviews. 2(1), 1-6. Doi: 10.9734/JENRR/2019/45278.
 Loksha, M. Gehringer and V. Loksha, (2012). Geothermal handbook; Planning and Financing power generation," ESMAP/ World bank Group, Washington DC, 2012.
 Ogola, P.F.A. (2015). KenGen geothermal energy carbon credit projects: status, benefits, challenges, lessons learnt and post-2012 plans. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015 Melbourne, Australia, 19-25 April 2015 Retrieved from https://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/db/WGC/papers/WGC/2015/36001.pdf.
 Quick, H., Mechael,J., Huber,H. & Arslan,U. (2010). History of international geothermal power plants and geothermal projects in Germany. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2010 Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010. Retrieved from https://www.geothermal-energy.org/pdf/IGAstandard/WGC/2010/0605.pdf.
 Tubei, G. (2019, July). Kenya beats Iceland to be ranked 8th globally in world’s largest geothermal Powerhouses. Business Insider. Retrieved from https://www.pulselive.co.ke/bi/finance/kenya-ranked-8th-globally-in-worlds-largest- geothermal-powerhouses/442penz Ugochukwu, A.A. (2013). Geothermal energy resources. https://www.academia.edu/5358353/GEOTHERMAL_ENERGY_RESOURCES
 Micale, V., Trabacchi, C., & Boni, L.(2015). Using Public Finance to Attract Private Investment in Geothermal: Olkaria III Case Study, Kenya. https://climatepolicyinitiative.org/publication/using-public-finance-to-attract- private-investment-in-geothermal-olkaria-iii-case-study-kenya/.
Assistant professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering. Shri Ram Murti Smarak College of Engg & Tech, Bareilly AKTU, Luck now, India
In today's world advancement of data transmission over the unsecured channel and data is not secure. In this scenario, data should be in encrypted form and that data transmitted over the network. In cryptography, have two methods to encrypt data are substitution and Transposition. Transposition is referring to changing the position of a character in the given text. On the other hand, Substitution is referring to replacing the character with another character in the given text. Play fair cipher is based on polyalphabetic substitution cipher; classical play fair cipher has a 5*5 matrix. To increase the security of play fair cipher, this paper presents a new approach to introducing double encryption in the sender side and double decryption in the receiver side approach by vigenere cipher, play fair cipher, and linear congruently method.
play fair cipher, vigenere cipher, and linear congruential method
Sarita Singh."A Novel Technique for Enhancement of the Security of Playfair Cipher". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) ,ISSN:2349-7084, Vol.7, Issue 01,pp.8-12, January - 2020, URL :https://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I102.pdf
Bhowmick, Anirban, Anand Vardhan Lal, and Nitish Ranjan. "Enhanced 6x6 Playfair Cipher using Double Myszkowski Transposition."International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology. Vol. 4. No. 07, July-2015. IJERT, 2015.
 Negi, Ashish, et al. "Cryptography Playfair Cipher using Linear Feedback Shift Register."IOSR Journal of Engineering 2.5 (2012): 1212-1216.
 Kumar, Vinod, et al. "Modified Version of Playfair Cipher Using Linear Feedback Shift Register and Transpose Matrix Concept'."International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering (IJITEE) 3 (2013).
 Bhattacharyya, Subhajit, Nisarga Chand, and Subham Chakraborty. "A Modified Encryption Technique using Playfair Cipher 10 by 9 Matrix with Six Iteration Steps."
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Khin Moe Aung, Aye Aye Lwin, Haung Naw, Nan Cho Nwe Mon, Hnin Ohmar Soe ,Myitzu Tin Oung,Nilar Wynn, Ne Win
*1 Department of Medical Research (Pyin Oo Lwin Branch) 2 Department of Medical Research 3 University of Medicine (Mandalay) 4 Myanmar Academy of Medical Science
Beta thalassemia is one of the most common genetic disorders worldwide with a defect in haemoglobin synthesis including Myanmar. This study was conducted to determine the proportion of high school students who have heterozygous ?-thalassaemia including Hb E and different types of common beta globin gene mutations by multiplex polymerase chain reaction. This community-based cross-sectional descriptive study was done in Myanmar adolescents in 2017. A total 290 apparently healthy high school students in which male 140 (48.3%) and female 150 (51.7%) studying in Basic Education High School, Anisakhan, Pyin Oo Lwin Township, Mandalay District, Myanmar were involved. Thalassaemia screening tests were done by combined NESTROFT/DCIP precipitation and confirmed test was done by Isoelectric Focusing (IEF). PCR- based genetic confirmatory by using mutant genes IVS 1-1, CD 41/42, IVS 1-5, CD 17, and nt-28. Total 131 cases (131/290, 45.2%) were positive with either of the two screening tests. These cases were considered as thalassaemia trait (carrier) and/or haemoglobin E carrier. Isoelectric focusing was done to find Hb E by which 45 cases (45/131, 34.3%) were found to have Hb E carrier. Remaining 86 cases were further run multiplex- PCR to detect beta thalassaemia carrier. Total 44 out of 86 cases were ?-thalassaemia traits (25 CD 41/42 (-TCTT), 13 IVS 1-5 (G-C), 1 IVS 1-1 (G-T); 5 compound heterozygous (IVS 1-5(G-C) /CD 41/42 (-TCTT)). CD 17 (A-T) and nt 28 (A-G) mutations were not detected in this study. NESTROFT screening test has 87% sensitivity and 82% sensitivity for the detection of Hb E carrier and ?-thalassaemia carrier respectively. DCIP screening test has 67.1% sensitivity and 68% sensitivity for the Hb E carrier and ?-thalassaemia carriers respectively. Combined both screening tests have 100% sensitivity for the detection of Hb E and ?-thalassaemia carriers. This study has highlighted that both screening tests should be used for population screening of thalassaemia and haemoglobinopathies in Myanmar.
beta thalassaemia, beta globin gene, haemoglobin E, high school students
Khin Moe Aung,Aye Aye Lwin,Haung Naw,Nan Cho Nwe Mon,Hnin Ohmar Soe ,Myitzu Tin Oung,Nilar Wynn, Ne Win."Detection of Common Beta Globin Gene Mutations on Heterozygous Beta Thalassemia Including Haemoglobin E among High School Students". International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends (IJCERT) ,ISSN:2349-7084 ,Vol.7, Issue 01,pp.1-7,January - 2020, URL :https://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V7I101.pdf,
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