APPLICATION OF FACTS TECHNOLOGY TO POWER SYSTEM PROTECTION IN THE NIGERIAN 330kV NETWORK USING GENETIC ALGORITHM
J. M ALOH, U. C OGBUEFI, V. C MADUEME, ,
Affiliations ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT, FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, FEDERAL UNIVERSITY, NDUFU ALIKE IKWO, EBONYI STATE, NIGERIA
:10.22362/ijcert/2017/v4/i11/xxxx [UNDER PROCESS]
This paper focused on Fault current limitation in the Nigerian 330kV Power Network. The strategy adopted is the use of a genetic algorithm to optimize the proportional integral (PI) control parameters of the Unified Power Flow Controllers (UPFC). Also, the SIMULINK model of the Nigerian 330kV system was developed. Then, the result from the simulation carried out proved the versatility of UPFC on fault current limitation in the power system when the PI parameter is optimized using genetic algorithm. This indicates that the UPFC achieved an effective average of 59.23% fault current limitation. The result is shown to have high impact for protection of critical assets within the power system such as circuit breakers. At a fault impedance of 0.0001Ω, the UPFC provided a 45.81% protection margin for the type of high voltage circuit breakers used in the 330kV system.
J. M ALOH,U. C OGBUEFI and V. C MADUEME (2017). APPLICATION OF FACTS TECHNOLOGY TO POWER SYSTEM PROTECTION IN THE NIGERIAN 330kV NETWORK USING GENETIC ALGORITHM. International Journal of Computer Engineering In Research Trends, 4(11), 500-513. Retrieved from http://ijcert.org/ems/ijcert_papers/V4I1107.pdf
Keywords : Fault Current Limitation, Genetic Algorithm, Protection, Unified Power Flow Controller and Proportional Integral.
 Heresh Seyedi and Barzan Tabe: “Appropriate placement of fault current limiting reactors in different HV substation arrangement” Circuits and systems, Vol. 3, pp. 252 -262, 2012.
 A.D Filomena, M. Reswner, R.H. Salim and A.S. Bretas “Distribution systems fault Analysis considering fault resistance estimation” International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, Vol. 33 No. 2, pp. 1326-1335, 2011.
 J. Schabbach, “Short-Circuit Currents” second edition, published by the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET). London, UK.Vol. 3, pp. 230-236, June 2008.
 T. Roininen, C.E solver, H. Nordi, A. Bosma, P. Jonsson and A. Alfredsson, “ ABB Live Tank Circuit Breakers Application Guide” www.abb.com, pp. 1-4, 2006.
 Song HAN, Xhe-yan MAO and Young Chang “A Study on modeling of High-voltage short circuit current limiter in Electromechanical Transient Simulation”. International conference on power system technology, pp. 1-10, 2010.
 B.W. Lee, J. Sim, K. B. Park and I.S Oh. “Practical Application issues of super conducting salt current limiters for Electric power systems”. IEEE Transactions on Applier super conducting, Vol. 18, No.2, pp. 620-623, 2008.
 D. Fedasynk, P. Serdyuk, Y. Semchyshyn and Lnv Polytechnic National University, “Resistance Super Conducting fault current limiter simulation and design,” 15th International Conference, Pocnam, 19-21, pp. 349-353, June 2008.
 K.H Hartong, “Is-limiter, the solution for high short circuit current application”, ABB calor Emarg, www.abb.com. 2002.
 J.F Arum, P.C Fernandez, E.H Rose, A.D Ajuz and A. Castanheira. “Brazillian successful experience in the usage of current limiting reactors for short circuit limitation”, International Conference on Power Systems Transients (IPSTOS) Montreal, Ia No.2, pp. 215 -220, June 2005.
 Z-X, Geng, X.Lin, J.-Y Xu and C. Tian “Effects of series reactor on short-circuit current and transient recovery voltage,” 2008 International Conference on high Voltage Engineering and Application, Changing Vol. 9, No. 3, pp.254-526, November 2008.
 J.J. Paserba. “How FACTS controllers benefit AC transmission systems,” IEEE, Vol, 2, No. 4, pp. 1-10, 2003.
 R.K Verma, R.M. Mathur, “Thyristor-based FACTS controllers for electrical transmission systems”, IEEE , Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 277-288, 2002.
 B.K. Johnson, Benchmark Systems for Simulation of TCSC and SVC “IEEE transaction, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 234-255, 2002.
 S.S Rao, “Engineering optimization theory and practice” 4th Edition, John Wiley & Sons Inc, pp. 93, 2009.
 P. Suman Pramod Kumar, N. Vijaysimha and C.B Saravanan “Static synchronous series compensator for series compensation of BHV transmission line”, IJAREEVE Vol 2. Issue 7, pp 3183, July 2013.
 S. H. Kermanshachi and N. Sadati “Genetic Multivariable PID controller-Base on IMC, Annual Meeting of the North American Fussy Information Processing Society NAFIPS, Vol. 107, No. 3, pp. 174 -177, 2007.
 G. B. Tan, L. Jiang, and Yang “A Novel Immune Genetic Algorithm-Base PID Controller. Leg. IEEE computer society. 3rd International Conference on National Computation, ICNC, Vol. 207, No. 4, pp. 282 -286, 2007.
 A. O’Dwyer, “Handbook of PI and PID controller Tuning Rules, 3rd editions, Imperial College Press, pp. 34, 2009.
 N. S. Nise, “Control System Engineering 3rd edition, (ECSA), pp. 67, 2006.